North Korea warned that around 1.4 million tons of food will be missing this year and is forced to halve rations, high temperatures, droughts, floods and United Nations sanctions, according to a memo from Pyongyang's mission The World Organization.
The publication of the undated two-page memo, which is being seen on Thursday by Reuters news agency, will take place days before a second summit in Hanoi next week, Vietnam, between North Korean leader Kim Jong and UNO US President Donald Trump
Washington has demanded that North Korea abandon a nuclear weapons program threatening the United States while Pyongyang seeks to lift sanctions, a formal end to the 1
The 15-member UN Security Council has unanimously strengthened the sanctions against North Korea since 2006 in order to curb the financing of its nuclear and ballistic missile programs.
"The DPRK government urges international organizations to respond urgently to addressing the food situation," reads the North Korean news release, which appoints the country's UN mission as a follow-up to a joint assessment with the World Food Program (WFP) between 26th November and 7th December. 2018. The official name for North Korea is the Democratic People's Republic of Korea (DPRK).
There was no immediate comment from WFP.
According to the memo, North Korea's food production last year was 4,951 million tons. The UN confirmed these figures when official government data was submitted in late January. North Korean food production included rice, wheat, potatoes and soybeans.
North Korea said it would import 200,000 tons of food producing about 400,000 tons of early crops, but there still remains a gap, and as of January, daily rations would be lowered from 550 grams to 300 grams per person.
UN officials and aid groups in North Korea consulted the government to "better understand the implications of the food security situation on the most vulnerable in order to meet their humanitarian needs at an early stage," UN spokesman Stephane Dujarric said Thursday.
He said the UN and relief groups were able to help only a third of six million needy people last year due to lack of funding. A UN appeal for $ 111 million in 2018 was funded only a quarter of that, Dujarric said.
The UN estimates that a total of 10.3 million people – nearly half of the population – are in need, and about 41 percent of North Koreans are malnourished, said Dujarric
In addition to the extreme weather, the North Korean memo also raises the UN Sanctions for the restriction of the supply of agricultural material and the obstruction of fuel supply to the agricultural sector.
The US Special Representative for North Korea, Stephen Biegun, said earlier this month in Washington had eased the rules on humanitarian aid for North Korea and worked to eliminate a backlog of UN permits.
Benjamin Silberstein, Coeditor of North Korean Economy Watch and associate scholar at the Foreign Policy Research Institute, said the harvest was bad There were no signs of an emergency.
"Of course, it's at least partially about the sanctions," said Silberstein. "Just look at how the letter is worded, you want it to sound hungry like sanctions, so the US should really be kind and give it up," he said.
Humanitarian aid almost came to a standstill in 2018 The US stepped up its enforcement of UN sanctions, although the UN Security Council's North Korea Sanctions Committee said, "Sanctions should not have adverse humanitarian consequences for the civilian population."
"While Security Council sanctions clearly exclude humanitarian activities, there are unintended consequences for humanitarian operations," Dujarric said.
Margareta Wahlstrom, President of the Swedish Red Cross, told Reuters after a trip to North Korea in November that corn was affected in relation to the areas in which they operated The harvest was due to the combination of influenza outbreak, Heat wave and typhoon only 65 percent of the normal.
Russia is considering sending 50,000 tons of wheat to Huma The North Korean news agency Interfax quoted leading Russian lawmaker Konstantin Kosachev last week.
Kim Young-hee, a North Korean defector and expert on Korea's North Korean economy The Seoul Development Bank did not believe the memo asked for food.
"The memo seems like a message:" Although UN sanctions do not directly affect people's lives, they affect the entire economy and people's livelihoods are getting worse. Would not it be good if sanctions were eased? # 39; she said.