(CNN) – We've all heard that exercise helps you live longer. But a new study goes one step further and states that a sedentary lifestyle is worse for your health than smoking, diabetes and heart disease.
Dr. Wael Jaber, a cardiologist at the Cleveland Clinic and senior author of the study, called the results "extremely surprising."
"Disabled on a treadmill or in a stress test has a worse prognosis, to death, than because he is hypertensive, diabetic or smoker," Jaber told CNN. "We have never seen anything so explicit and so objective."
Jaber said researchers must now convey to the public the risks that "disability" should be considered as a risk factor, such as high blood pressure, diabetes and smoking – if not more so than any of them. "
" It should almost be treated as a disease that has a prescription called exercise, "he said.
Researchers retrospectively examined 122,007 patients who underwent exercise treadmill testing at the Cleveland Clinic between the 1. January 1991 and December 31, 2014, to measure all-cause mortality in terms of exercise and exercise benefits, and those with the lowest exercise rate accounted for 12% of participants.
The study was published Friday in JAMA Network Open.
"Cardiovascular disease and diabetes are the most expensive diseases in the United States. We spend more than $ 200 billion a year to treat these diseases and their complications. Instead of paying large sums for the treatment of disease, we should encourage our patients and communities to be active and exercise daily, "said Dr. Jordan Metzl, Sports Physician at the Special Surgery Hospital and author of The Exercise Cure. "
Jaber said that the other great finding from research is that fitness leads to longer lives without limiting the benefits of aerobic exercise, and researchers have always been concerned that" ultra "exercisers are at greater risk But the study found that this is not the case.
"There is no level of exercise or fitness that puts you at risk." "We can see from the study that the Ultrafits are always
"In this study, the most suitable individuals did the best," said Metzl, who was not involved in the study. "Once cleared by their doctors, patients should not be afraid of exercise intensity . "
The benefits of exercise were seen across all ages and in men and women," probably a little more pronounced in women, "said Jaber." Whether you're in your forties or your eighties They will benefit in the same way. "
The risks, he said, became more shocking when compared to those who do not exercise much. "We all know that a sedentary lifestyle or disability poses some risk, but I'm surprised they overpower risk factors as much as smoking, diabetes or even terminal disease."
"People on a treadmill test not doing very well, "said Jaber," having nearly twice the risk for people with kidney failure on dialysis. "
What made the study so unique was the sheer number of students it studied. He said that the researchers did not need the patients to report their physical activity themselves. "These are not the patients who tell us what they are doing," said Jaber. "We test them and objectively determine the true measure of what they are doing."
Comparing people with a sedentary lifestyle with the best practitioners, the risk associated with death is "500% higher". 19659004] "Comparing the risk of sitting with the highest performance in the stress test, the risk is about three times higher than smoking," explains Jaber.
Comparing someone who does not train much with someone who exercises regularly, He said, still at 390% higher risk. "There is really no upper limit for exercises," he said. "There is no age limit that does not benefit from being physically fit."
Dr. Satjit Bhusri, a cardiologist at Lenox Hill Hospital who was not involved in the study, said this reinforces what we know. "Sedentary western lifestyles have led to a higher incidence of heart disease and this shows that it is modifiable, it is reversible," he explained, adding that doctors are very good at treating patients suffering from cardiovascular disease. Illnesses suffered, but they could be prevented. "We're supposed to walk, run, exercise. It's about getting up and moving."
For patients, especially those who lead a sedentary lifestyle, Jaber said, "You should ask for a prescription from your doctor for the exercise . "