The 64-dish Meerkat telescope was launched on Friday after a Installed in the decade of strategy and construction and already demonstrated its incredible capabilities.
A striking new image captures 25,000 light-years from Earth, which rotates through dust clouds and gas
Fernando Camilo, senior scientist of the South African Radio Astronomical Observatory (SARAO), says: " We wanted the knowledge Showing the Skillfulness of this New Device The center of the galaxy was a clear target: full of unique, visible, eye-catching and ambiguous events – but it's notoriously difficult for the image the radio telescope uses. Although in the early days of MeerKAT and much more needs to be adjusted, we decided on it – and were afraid of the result . "
The center of the galaxy is incredibly difficult to photograph, not only because it is 25,000 light-years away, but also because it is behind the Sagittarius constellation and is constantly surrounded by clouds of gas and dust, making it the optical telescope of Earth made out of invisible.
While the typical telescope can not do this The dense dust allows X-ray and radio wave waves to be more visible MeerKAT can detect radio wavelengths that turn these clouds In addition, its position in the Southern Hemisphere means that The center of the galaxy passes through the top and appears for nearly 12 hours each day, and is more sensitive than a telescope, allowing a unique view of the universe due to its high number of antennas.
At this time, the colors are the glare of the telescope's radio waves : Discharges from red to orange and yellow to white by oranges for robust em anation.
Farhad Yusef-Zadeh of Northwestern University of Evanston says, " This image is notable. The MeerKAT image is so clear that it shows many films, including compact sources with some filaments that can provide the key to cracking code and solving this three-decade puzzle "
A decade The MeerKAT radio telescope was inaugurated on July 13 by David Mabuza, Vice President of the Republic of South Africa.
There are 64 receivers or antennas with four receiving systems operating on different radio bands, and the data can travel at a rate of 275 gigabytes
The MeerKAT, built at a cost of $ 4.4 billion, will be included in the Square Kilometer Array (SKA) facility, the world's biggest and largest influencer of radio telescope, fully functional in the world second half of 2020.
Co-Hosted 3,000 dishes in Africa and Australia will then be able to scan 50x faster than any other telesco p-sensor, and will produce more images than the resolution quality of Hubble Space Telescope, said scientists from SKA .
Fernando Camilo said: " MeerKAT will tackle some important scientific questions in modern astrophysics – how galaxies are formed, how they develop, how we came here … And MeerKAT for these purposes is the best in the world "
Government officials and foreign dignitaries participated in the inauguration, releasing new images of the Sea Cat of the Supermassive Black Hole area in the middle of the Milky Way, about 25,000 light-years away.
Camilo told Reuters " We did not expect to use our telescope so early in the game, it's not too friendly, but rather to turn it into the center of the galaxy and take these amazing pictures too get the best in the world, tells you that you have done something perfect, better than perfect ".
Merkatat is a successor KAT7 (Karoo Array Telescope), which is to demonstrate the ability to absorb South Africa's SKA in the vast semi-desert region in the north of Cape Town .
His name is a pun: the African "sea" means more, as it says in "MeerKAT", but it also refers to the natives of the crew and is famous for seeing the world standing on its back feet [19659006
In addition to pioneering astronomy research, MeerKAT's push of IBM also pushes the boundaries in the larger data and high-performance computers, which have fed deeply buried underground buried supercomputers from each individual antenna to limit radio interference. It helps to develop a system capable of processing the circled volume of data .
The MeerKAT is the leading radio telescope of its kind in the Southern Hemisphere, though it looks like an egg group. Drive outside the Carnarvon Q.
However close, every delicate court is elevated as a nearly three-story building on one particular pedestal whirls because it scans the sky.
Because of their seclusion, the hills offer additional shielding against radio interference, making the project site the most important African base for hundreds of antennas eventually being brought to Kenya and Ghana .
A SKA International board member, Rob Adam, said: " The first phase of SKA1 in South Africa is the addition of 133 MeerKAT antennas ."
Along with the first prototype in China on the site already 450 kilometers north of Cape Town in the northern Nepalese province, Adam said that the expansion is expected to begin next year
Adam said MeerKAT becomes independent work before joining SKA1 at 2023 .
Tags: milky way, South African, telescope