An important new study highlights the extent of the obesity problem in the UK, with a significant risk of weight and death associated with death and illness.
People with a body mass index (BMI) of 30-35 had a 70% higher risk of heart failure than their healthy counterparts (1
The study of 2.8 million adults even showed a low result Overweight people were twice as likely to have type 2 diabetes.
Public Health England said "sustainable action" is needed to fight obesity.
The study also showed:
- For individuals with a BMI of 35-40, the risk of type 2 diabetes was nearly nine times higher and 12 times higher for sleep apnea
- People with severe obesity (BMI 40-45) were 12-fold more likely to develop type 2 diabetes and had a risk of sleep apnea that was 22 times greater
- People with a BMI of 40-45 had three times the heart risk for air pressure, High blood pressure and dyslipidemia (abnormal cholesterol and other blood lipids)
- The BMI of 40-45 was also associated with a 50% higher risk of prematurely dying for some reason
The author of the study, Christiane Haase said: "Da Over the last 30 years, the number of people with obesity worldwide has nearly tripled (from 105 million people in 1975 to 650 million in 2016), and our findings have serious implications for public health. "
BMI and obesity: Where are you on the British fat scale?
We calculate the BMI by the standard formula of the mass of a person in kg divided by the square of their height in meters (kg / m2) and indicate it to one decimal place.
Where A user's data is entered in UK units, we first convert to Metric and then perform the BMI calculation.
The BMI score assigned to a standard category:
Less than 18.5 – underweight
18.5 to 24.9 – healthy weight
25 to 29.9 – overweight
30 to 39.9 – obese (divided into two categories for the new study)  40 and over – very obese (also known as morbidly obese)
The study found that the risk of serious health problems greatly depends on whether the People at the beginning of the study already had problems or not.
For example, high blood pressure at the beginning of the study was strongly associated with the development of dyslipidemia, chronic kidney disease, and type 2 diabetes.
The researchers examined health, death and BMI data from more than 2.8 million adults between January 2000 and July 2018 from the UK Clinical Practice Research Datalink.
This was linked to the hospital data to estimate the risk of serious health problems.
Victoria Taylor, nutritional director of the British Heart Foundation, said: "More than a quarter of the United Kingdom's adults (28%) are obese and we urgently need action."