The southern port city of Karachi was chosen as the capital of the newly formed country of Pakistan, which gained independence from the British in 1947. But a decade later, when President Ayub Khan declared martial law in 1958, he also decided
To this end, he decided to build a new capital, Islamabad, nearly 1500 kilometers north. The rationale for this move was politically and never clearly established, but Ayub wanted the capital to remain near Rawalpindi, where the military headquarters was located. Mentioned in an article on Huffington Post Ayub may also be suspicious of the threats made by Rawalpindi's military generals that they could hold another coup d'état while taking care of administrative matters in far-off Karachi
In addition to the construction of a new city, the original plan also saw the creation of a new province: the Islamabad Capital Territory (ICT). Accordingly, land from the neighboring district of Rawalpindi in Punjab province was transferred to the ICT, though the city of Rawalpindi was finally kept out
Today, the Islamabad Capital Territory is the smallest province of Pakistan, both in terms of size and population. According to the 201
With a size of only 906 square kilometers, it is also the smallest area. However, with more than two million people in such a small area, ICT has a population density of over 1,000 people per square kilometer, which is by far the most densely populated of the seven administrative units of Pakistan.
The political elite of the country lives in Islamabad, the province is wealthier and wealthier. This is also reflected in literacy and life expectancy. According to the Pakistani Statistical Office, www.pbs.gov.pk, Islamabad had an literacy rate of 85 percent, the highest in the country, and well above the national average of 58 percent.
Of them, 7, According to Pakistan Observer at the beginning of this year are 30,000 voters in the elections of July 26
The smallest department means that ICT has only three constituencies. As this is a relatively new district with a planned layout and political structure, there are fewer problems affecting Islamabad Capital Territory compared to the others.
However, as the article Huffington Post showed, years of complacency and mismanagement, in addition to focusing on things that might not have been so important, have left the city with countless problems. The Capital Development Authority (CDA), which is responsible for city administration, has spent large sums on beautifying the city and building highways. However, it has deprived ICT of its green cover, while the public transport system is woefully inadequate.
There is also a critical water shortage in the region. The affluent neighborhoods manage to work with water tankers that deliver water every day, albeit at exorbitant prices. On the other hand, those who can not afford to have tankers dig wells illegally to draw from groundwater, the report added.
A key issue this year, however, will be the demarcation of constituencies, an exercise that was carried out following the election Act 2017, which stated that the demographic development of the various provinces of Pakistan must be recognized in the definition of electoral cards. Accordingly, the Islamabad Capital Territory, which formerly had two constituencies, will now have three. These were identified as NA-52, NA-53, and NA-54, added to the Pakistan Observer report.
Of these, NA-52 and NA-53 were cut from the past NA-49 constituency, and include the regions of Rawat, Pind Bhagwal, Chatta Bakhtawar, Chak Shehzad, Morha Noor, etc. NA-54, on the other side includes mainly the urban areas F-8, F-10 and Golra Sharif, the report added
In the 2018 elections, three legislators will represent ICT for the first time. In previous elections, there were only two. As a cosmopolitan city with a diverse population, Islamabad's policies are not shaped by the parties' regional aspirations. With people from all over Pakistan making Islamabad their home, PML-N, PPP and PTI are all equally strong. The two incumbent legislators each own one of PML-N and PTI, while PPP candidates did well.
The NA-49 seat has gone the PML-N route in the last two elections in 2008 and in 2013, when Tariq Fazal Chaudhry's candidate continued his winning streak. On July 26, Chaudhry will try to make it a hat-trick.
As mentioned in a report from The Tribune the NA-49 was a predominantly rural part of the capital, and Chaudhry won it by a narrow margin of only 756 votes over the PPP Nayyer Hussain Bukhari. Chaudhry won it again five years later, but this time with a more comfortable margin of nearly 40,000 votes more than his nearest rival.
What's interesting is the profits made by the PTI. Imran Khan's party had traditionally been strong in the northern mountains, but in 2013 she had begun to move to Islamabad as well. PTI candidate Chaudhry Ilyas Meherban won more than 57,000 votes to place PPP in second place, a tremendous achievement, considering that the party was nowhere on the political scene until five years earlier.
But even more impressive was the party's performance in the capital's other headquarters, NA-48, where PTI's Makddoom Javed Hashmi won a surprising victory. The Tribune reported that the "Naya Pakistan" campaign of the Youth and Women's Party in the predominantly urban constituency was enthusiastically encouraged to demand a famous victory over PML-N's ancestral Anjum Aqeel Khan.
However, Islamabad was Hashmi's second constituency, and the PTI leader decided to give him up in favor of his hometown of Multan. This required polls, and PTI's Asad Umar managed to win, even though the Tschüß poll was clouded by poor voter turnout and the lack of enthusiasm of citizens and party workers, such as Dawn  candidates a year 2018
The two incumbent legislators, Tariq Fazal Chaudhry and Asad Umar, received cards from their respective parties in 2018, NA-52 and NA-53, respectively. The PPP now targets ICT as well, reports Sibtul Haider Bokhari and Raja Imran Ashraf of NA-53 and NA-54, respectively Pakistan Observer . The report added that Ashraf is the brother of former Prime Minister Raja Pervaiz Ashraf, while Bokhari is the brother of former Senate Chairman Nayyar Hussain.
A report on Pakistan Today said that it is also the Jamaat-e-Islami, which is interested in heavyweight contenders from Islamabad, including the former member of the National Assembly, Mian Aslam. On the other hand, former NA-49 candidate Zubair Farooq is considering bidding as an independent NA-54 candidate