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Pakistan's Election Results: Tailored to the Military



<p class = "Canvas Atom Canvas Text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" Content = " Mohammed Ayoob " data- reactid = "22"> Mohammed Ayoob

<p class = "Canvas Atom Canvas Text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = " Security, Middle East " data-reactid = "23"> Security, Middle East

Islamabad's military command seems to be well positioned to benefit from recent events in the country [1
9659004] Pakistan's Election Results: Tailored to the Military

<p class = "Canvas Atom Canvas Text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" Englisch: www.germnews.com archive / dn / 1998/02 / 30.html The official results of the elections to the Pakistani Parliament on 25th July have now been announced: Pakistan Tehreek – i – Insaf (PTI), led by former cricketer Imran Khan, has si As the new election results crystallized, the 115-seat largest party Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N), the former governing party, came second with 64 seats. The late Benazir Bhuttos Pakistani People's Party (PPP) with 43 seats, almost all of them traditional stronghold of Sindh . The PTI, while 22 seats have a clear majority, is sure to form the government with the help of independents, who have won 13 seats and some smaller parties. "Data-reactid =" 26 "> The Provisional Official The results of the July 25 parliamentary elections for the Pakistani Parliament have now been released: Pakistan Tehreek-i-Insaf (PTI) led by former cricketer Imran Khan is the largest party with 115 seats, the Pakistan Muslim League-Nawaz (PML-N), the former ruling party, came second with 64 seats and the Pakistani People's Party (PPP) the late Benazir Bhutto with 43 seats, almost all of them out of their traditional stronghold of Sindh 22 seats without a clear majority form the government with the help of independents who have gained 13 seats and some smaller parties.

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0 ) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm "type =" text "content =" However, the real winner in these elections is the military high command. To quote the Economist, "This time around, the soldiers are targeting their ideal outcome: a lithe leader and a minority government that will not be too powerful." Imran Khan was the clear favorite of the military in advance The elections and reports indicate that the electoral process was manipulated by the army to achieve the desired result. "data-reactid =" 27 "> The true winner of these elections, however, is the military high command. To quote the Economist:" This time, the soldiers are targeting their ideal goal: a lithe leader and a minority government, which will not be too powerful. "Imran Khan was the clear favorite of the military in the run-up to the elections and reports indicate that the electoral process was manipulated by the army to achieve the desired result.

<p class =" Canvas Atom Canvas Text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm "type =" text "content =" Traditionally the military to P Brass has acted as kingmaker in Pakistan, as it did not directly power. The role of the military in influencing the election was made clear by the fact that several weightings were disqualified among opponents of the PTI, in particular leaders of the Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz (PML-N), either in the period immediately prior to the elections or imprisoned. Most importantly, former Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif was removed from a friendly Supreme Court on July 28, 2017 in a military "soft coup" with a vague charge that he was "not honest and reliable enough" to take office exercise. He was then quickly sentenced, sentenced and imprisoned for ten years for illegally possessing property abroad – a common practice among Pakistani political leaders of all stripes. The aim was to expose the charismatic Sharif, the star activist of the PML-N, from the electoral and election campaigns for his party's candidates, to frighten his leading supporters and to make them either join the PTI www.mjfriendship.de/de/index.php?op…39&Itemid=32 Traditionally, the military leadership in Pakistan has acted as kingmaker when it was not directly in power and the role played by the military playing the role of influencing the elections, it became clear from the fact that several opponents of the PTI, in particular the leaders of the Pakistan Muslim League Nawaz (PML-N), were disqualified or imprisoned in the period immediately prior to the elections, especially the former prime minister Nawaz Sharif was militarily dismissed as "soft coup" by a friendly Supreme Court on July 28, 2017 on the vague charge that he was "not honest and reliable enough" to take office ekleiden. He was then quickly tried, convicted, and I was detained for ten years for illegally owning real estate abroad – a common practice among Pakistani political leaders of all stripes. The aim was to expose the charismatic Sharif, the star activist of the PML-N, from the electoral and election campaigns for his party's candidates, to frighten his leading supporters and to make them either join the PTI go or withdraw the battle

<p class = "canvas atom canvas text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = " Although Sharif He began his political career under the auspices of military dictator Zia-ul-Haq, but his independence, especially in foreign and security policy, made him a thorn in the flesh of the army. He had been released from power in 1999. Pervez Musharraf, however, returned Returning to office in 2013 after defeating the Zardari-led PPP (party of murdered former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto), who came to power after Musharraf's resignation in 2008 to avoid impeachment "data-reactid =" 29 "> Although Sharif had begun his political career under the tutelage The military dictator Zia-ul-Haq, who had played a role above all in matters of foreign and security policy, made make him a thorn in the flesh of the army. He was released from power in 1999 by General Pervez Musharraf, but returned to office in 2013 after defeating the Zardari-led PPP (Party of Murdered Former Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto), who came to power after Musharraf's resignation in 2008 Impeachment

<p class = "Canvas Atom Canvas Text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = " What the Das The biggest nuisance to the military was Sharif's relatively soft line with arch-rival India and his repeated calls for the Pakistani extremists involved in the November 2008 terrorist attack in Mumbai to be brought to trial by the Pakistani courts. "Militant organizations are active [in Pakistan]. Are we calling them non-state actors, should we allow them to cross the border and kill 150 people in Mumbai? "Angry the military, which had supported some of the terrorist organizations data-reactid =" 30 "> What that The military most hated was Sharif's relatively soft line with arch-rival India and its repeated demands that the Pakistani extremists involved in the terrorist attack on Mumbai in November 2008 be brought to trial by Pakistani courts, in particular he in May 2018 that "militant organizations are active [in Pakistan]. Are we calling them non-state actors, should we allow them to cross the border and kill 150 people in Mumbai? "Annihilated the military, which had supported some of the terrorist organizations, without end.

<p class =" canvas atom canvas text Mb (0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm "type = "text" content = " The slow pace at which election results were declared was accused by the authorities The delay however, fueled the allegations of fraud by the military and was seen as a strong indicator that the electoral commission was on the" low State "had to wait to approve (or change) the results previously The defeat of several supporters of the PML-N and the PPP, including Bilawal Bhutto Zardari, the son of Benazir Bhutto and co-chair of the PPP, was in their own fortresses also attributed to the military's interference in the US electoral process. "data-reactid =" 31 "> The slow speed at which the election results were declared was attributed to a software meltdown by the authorities, but further delay led to fraud by the military strong indicator interprets that the Electoral Commission had to wait for the "deep state" to approve (or change) the results before announcing it, defeating several fighters of both the PML-N and the PPP, including Bilawal Bhutto Zardari Benazir Bhutto's son and co-chairman of the PPP, in their own strongholds was also attributed to the military's interference in the electoral process.

<p class = "Canvas Atom Canvas Text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm "type =" text "content =" It is now clear that the PTI, while the largest single party, misses a clear majority of 22 seats, which is a poor parl emagazine.credit-suisse.com/app/art … = 157 & lang = DE After the elections, he changed his mind and has already begun to protest, and Imran Khan forces him to form a coalition government that he rejected during his election campaign. Englisch: emagazine.credit-suisse.com/app/art … = 263 & lang = en. A coalition government headed by Imran Khan is tailor made to serve the interests of the military his election. At the same time it will make Imran Khan who is something of an outsider and will accused of having links with Islamist extremists, almost entirely dependent on the military's goodwill to remain in office. This will be the case because he will be forced to rely on independents and on one or more of the smaller parties that are more prone to military influence to retain power. "data-reactid =" 32 "> It is now clear that while the largest single party, the PTI will miss a clear majority of 22 seats, creating a bad parliament and forcing Imran Khan, a coalition government He seems to have changed the election in his opinion and has already begun to negotiate with some of the smaller parties and independents. A coalition government under the leadership of Imran Khan is tailor made, To serve the interests of the military. He will come together with a lithe prime minister of his choice, while at the same time making Imran Khan, who is a kind of outsider and accused of having ties to Islamist extremists, almost entirely dependent on the good will of the military I remain This will be the case because he will be forced to become independent e and one or more of the smaller parties that are more susceptible to military influence, leave to retain power.

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = " That fits perfectly In the words of Hussain Haqqani, Pakistan's former ambassador to the United States, "The Pakistani military apparently wants a civilian facade in the form of an elected government that oversees India, Afghanistan, jihadist terrorism and relations with China and China followed the US. It does not want a really popular civilian politician in power, backed by an electoral mandate, and certainly not one that could change the country's development. "Imran Khan, the Playboy cricketer who became a devout Muslim, obviously fits in with the bill. " data-reactid = "35 This fits perfectly with the military, in the words of the former Pakistani ambassador to the US, Hussain Haqqani: "The Pakistani military apparently wants a civilian facade in the form of an elected government that follows the policies towards India, Afghanistan, jihadist terrorism and relations with China and the US. It does not want to have a truly popular civilian politician in power, who is supported by an electoral mandate, and certainly not one who could change the course of the country. "Imran Khan, the Playboy cricketer who became a devout Muslim, obviously fits the bill.

<p class =" canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm "type =" text "content =" The other constituency that prefers Imran Khan's opponents are the very vociferous Islamist groups, both violent and non-violent who support most of the pre-Julian laws – including strict observance of the blasphemy law and "hudood" punishments that demand the death of adulterers and the cutting off of hands thieves Khan, whose past lifestyle – including the lure with several women and reports of having illegitimately conceived a child in the United States – make him a perfect one Target for punishment under hudood laws would have been projected now as a passionate advocate of these very same laws calling for their strict enforcement. "data-reactid =" 36 "> The other constituency that Imran Khan prefers to his opponents is the very vociferous Islamist groups, both violent and non-violent who advocate pre-Julian laws – including strict enforcement from blasphemy law and "hudood" punishments require stoning the death of adulterers and cutting off the hands of thieves.Imran Khan, his former lifestyle – including mendacity with several women and reports of having illegitimately conceived a child in the United States – concedes him a perfect target for punishment under hudood laws would now project itself as a passionate advocate of it The same laws demand their strict enforcement.

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm "type =" text "content =" As a result of his reinvention as a born again Muslim and his recent d Married to a burka-clad woman who appears to be his spiritual mentor, Imran Khan has become popular with conservative Muslims, regardless of their party affiliation. he now has the support of the two strongest political institutions in Pakistan – the military and the mosque – which makes his position quite safe, at least in the short term. "data-reactid =" 37 "> Imran Khan has become Conservative as a consequence of his reinvention as a born-again Muslim and his most recent time earthly marriage to a burqa-clad woman who apparently also serves as his spiritual mentor Consequently, he now has the support of the two strongest political institutions in Pakistan – the military and the mosque – which makes his position fairly secure, at least in the short term.

<p class = "canvas -atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm "type =" text "content =" The question that arises now is the question of how he and His military supporters will solve the contentious issues that separate them. German: www.mjfriendship.de/de/index.php?op…37&Itemid=32 He attacked Washington 's military operations in Afghanistan and along the Pakistani border and condemned American drone strikes against the Taliban and other extremist groups such as the Haqqani network attacking American troops in Afghanistan. This attitude goes well with its conservative base in Pakhtunkhwa province bordering Afghanistan, populated mainly by ethnic Pashtuns. many sympathize with the Taliban (19459011) Reactid = "38"> The million-dollar question that is now emerging is how he and his military supporters will solve the contentious issues that separate them. The most important among them is their approach to the United States, which has repeatedly fiercely attacked Imran Khan for Washington's military operations in Afghanistan and along the Pakistani border with that country. He has also chatted with terrorist groups and condemned American drone strikes against the Taliban and other extremist groups, such as the Haqqani network, which are attacking US troops in Afghanistan from their safe havens in Pakistan. This attitude fits well with its conservative base in Pakhtunkhwa province on the border with Afghanistan, which is populated mainly by ethnic Pashtuns – many of whom sympathize with the Taliban.

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = " On the other hand, the On the one hand, it has sought to increase support for terrorist groups in Afghanistan and within Pakistan, to deploy them to India-managed Kashmir if necessary, and to destabilize Afghanistan if it is in the interests of its interests While the military is interested in maintaining decent industrial relations with Washington over Pakistan's dependence on the United States for sophisticated weapons necessary to neutralize India's superiority in conventional weapons, the Pakistani military has also measured its response in the Soviet Union Given the provocative statements of President Donald Trump earlier this year, he froze arms shipments to Pakistan because they continued to support the anti-American elements that attack US troops in Afghanistan. "data-reactid =" 39 "> On the other hand, the army has a more nuanced view of Pakistan's relations with the United States, on the one hand it has sought to expand support for terrorist groups in Afghanistan and within Pakistan to deploy it to Indian-administered Kashmir, if necessary, and destabilize Afghanistan if it so values, while at the same time the military is interested in maintaining decent industrial relations with Washington, as Pakistan relies on the United States for sophisticated weapons that are necessary To neutralize India's superiority in conventional weapons, that's why the Pakistani military was very cold in its response, even in the face of President Donald Trump's provocative remarks earlier this year because it froze weapons supplies to Pakistan because they […] the underst

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = " As for the Pakistani-American relations As such, Imran Khan's dependency on the army may be expected to cause him to act more responsibly and against his visceral anti-American instincts and support terrorist groups occasionally in his hyperbolic anti-American statements, but will not attempt the boat in any way In view of his chameleon-like character, one can assume that he works most of the time after military writing . "Data-reactid =" 40 "> As far as Pakistani-American relations are concerned, one can speak of Imran Khan's reliance on the army is expected to make him more responsible and against his visceral anti-American instincts and in support of terrorist factions. Khan will likely continue to give in to his hyperbolic anti-American statements, but not try to rock the boat in any way. Given his chameleon-like character, he is expected to work most of the time after military writing .

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – -sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = " Pakistan's security and foreign policy has always been the domain of the military, and civilian governments had little room to make major changes to them. One of the main reasons why the military chose to remove Sharif was because he tried to deviate from that tradition, Imman Khan who is dependent on the military for his political survival will probably not question the established pattern of civil-military relations in the US foreign policy and in most other arenas "data-reactid =" 41 Pakistan's Security Foreign and foreign policy has always been the domain of the military, and civilian governments have had little room to make major changes to them. "As mentioned earlier, one of the main reasons why the military was e He decided not to divorce Sharif by trying to deviate from this tradition. Imran Khan, who depends on the military for his political survival, is unlikely to question the established pattern of civil-military relations in both foreign affairs and most other areas.

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas -text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = " Mohammed Ayoob is professor emeritus for International Relations, Michigan State University, and Senior Fellow, Center for Global Policy, including The Many Faces of Political Islam (University of Michigan Press, 2008) and most recently Will The Middle East Impodde (2014) and editor of Assessing the War on Terror (2013). "data-reactid =" 42 "> Mohammed Ayoob is Professor Emeritus of International Relations at Michigan State University and Senior Fellow at the Center for Global Policy. His books include The Many Faces of Political Islam (University of Michigan Press, 2008) and most recently Will The Middle East Implodé (2014) and editor of Assessing the War on Terror (2013).

<p class = "canvas-atom canvas-text Mb (1.0em) Mb (0) – sm Mt (0.8em) – sm" type = "text" content = " Picture: An armed paramilitary soldier Wake up guard A suicide bomber blew himself up near a police checkpoint in Peshawar, Pakistan on January 19, 2016. REUTERS / Fayaz Aziz "data-reactid =" 43 "> Image: An armed man Paramilitary soldier stands guard on suicide Bomber jumped near a police checkpoint in Peshawar, Pakistan on January 19, 2016. REUTERS / Fayaz Aziz

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