Israeli forces continued their systematic crimes in the Occupied Palestinian Territories (oPt) for the week of 19-25 July 2018.
Israeli forces continued to use excessive force against Palestinian demonstrators in the Gaza Strip. A Palestinian civilian was killed and two civilians succumbed to their previous wounds. 99 Palestinian civilians, including 23 children, one woman, one male journalist and one journalist, were injured;
Israeli forces continued to use deadly force against Palestinian civilians participating in peaceful demonstrations organized as part of the "Great March of Return and Siege" activities in the Gaza Strip 1
- In the Gaza Strip, Israeli forces killed Mohammed Sharif "Abed Badwan" (23) from Al-Zaytoun district, east of Gaza City, on July 20, 2018, while they were returning and smashing with thousands of demonstrators in March, east Malakah Square, east of al-Zaytoun, east of Gaza City. Mohamed was hit in the chest with a live ball. On July 23, 2018, medical sources at the European hospital in Khan Younis in the southern Gaza Strip announced the death of Karam Ibrahim & # 39; Ali & # 39; Arafat (26) from & # 39; Abasan al-Jadidah, East The city endured its previous wounds, which it suffered on June 8, 2018. Karam was hit with a tear gas canister as he participated in the
Return and Smash Siege March in Khuzaâ € ™ ah Village. Karam's wounds were described as critical and he was then admitted to intensive care and stayed there until his death. On July 24, 2018, medical sources at the Indonesian hospital in Jabalia in the northern Gaza Strip reported the death of Majd Suhail Mohammed & # 39; Aqeel, 26, from al-Sekkah Street in Jabalia, who sustained injuries sustained on May 14 succumbed in 2018, during his participation in the March of Return and Breaking Siege.
- During the reporting period, Israeli forces injured 99 Palestinian civilians, including 23 children, a woman, a journalist and a journalist, with excessive force against peaceful demonstrators along the borders of the Gaza Strip. 3 of these wounded suffered serious injuries.
Israeli forces fired 19 artillery shells along the eastern border of the Gaza Strip with Israel during the period under attack
As part of air strikes, Israeli warplanes launched and claimed 23 air strikes against a group of Palestinian civilians burned incendiary bombs; Military sites of Palestinian resistance groups; and empty countries. The Israeli fighter planes, which fired 46 missiles, wounded 25 civilians, including 7 children and 3 women. In addition, 7 Palestinian officers were killed in the Ministry of Interior of the Gaza Strip.
An air raid led to the death of 54 sheep, 60 pigeons and 160 chickens and damaged livestock tools on a farm owned by Majed al-Shaiekh. The farm mentioned above is located in the eastern border, adjacent to al-Hajjah Handah Road, east of al-Shuja & # 39; iyia, east of Gaza City. In addition, al-Nakheel Resort, west of the al-Buriej Camp in the center of the Gaza Strip, suffered partial damage after being attacked.
Israeli forces have continued to escalate their attacks on Palestinian fishermen as part of targeted attacks on Palestinian fishermen in Gaza, pointing out Israel's ongoing policy of using its livelihoods in a targeted manner. During the reporting period, the PCHR documented 4 shots among the fishermen, including 3 in the northern Gaza Strip and 1 in the southern Gaza Strip.
In the West Bank on July 23, 2018, Israeli forces killed in a new crime of excessive use of lethal force against Palestinian civilians Arkan Mizher (15) and wounded another in the al-Dahish refugee camp south of Bethlehem Arkan was having a living bullet who entered his heart and left his back.
In addition to the above-mentioned wounded, Israeli forces injured 5 civilians, including 2 children
During the period under review Israeli forces led at least 64 military incursions into Palestinian communities in the West Bank and 6 similar in Jerusalem and its suburbs. During these attacks, Israeli forces arrested at least 46 Palestinians, including one child and one woman, in the West Bank. Meanwhile, 13 other civilians, including 2 children and 2 women, have been arrested in Jerusalem and its suburbs.
In the Gaza Strip, on 19 July 2018, Israeli troops moved to the village of al-Shawka, east of Rafah, south of the Gaza Strip. They leveled land and repaired border fence and barbed wire before they were operational again along the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel.
Israeli troops continue their efforts to create a Jewish majority in occupied East Jerusalem
Following the demolition of homes and civilian facilities, on 19 July 2018 Israeli forces ordered the families Shawamrah and Abu Irmilah allegedly demolished 4 apartments in al-Ashqariyia neighborhood in Beit Haninah village, north of occupied East Jerusalem, to support the Israeli Supreme Court. The Israeli Supreme Court claimed ownership of the land on which the dwellings were built has been owned by Israeli settlers since 1974. The two families built the above apartments in 2000 on an area of 1.5 dunums. Al-Shawamrah and Abu Irmilah families purchased the 3-Dunum property from a Jerusalem family before turning to the courts to protect the property and the property built thereon. The two families destroyed their homes costing NIS 30,000 and built a tent that accommodated 30 members, half of whom were children.
On July 25, 2018, Israeli bulldozers destroyed a kindergarten and a women's center in the Bedouin community of "al-Baba Mount" in the southeast of occupied East Jerusalem on the pretext of non-licensing. The 60-square-meter kindergarten consisted of tinplate caravans donated by the EU to the villagers two months ago. The kindergarten served around 28 children. It should be noted that here live about 56 families in the community.
As part of settlement activities and attacks by settlers against Palestinian civilians and property
On July 22, 2018, Israeli police secured hundreds of Israeli settlers attacking al-Aqsa mosques in the occupied East Jerusalem Old Town, on the anniversary of the so-called "Temple Destruction". The Islamic Foundation (Awqaf) said that the Israeli forces had established a military block list at the gate of the al-Aqsa mosque and obstructed the worshipers' movement. Eyewitnesses reported that the Israeli settlers attacked Palestinian civilians, journalists and traders in the al-Qataneen market hall, which is located near the al-Aqsa mosque. The settlers also searched some businesses and damaged their contents under the protection of the Israeli police
Use of violence against protest demonstrations against the US President's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel:
The Israeli forces made their excessive use deadlier Violence continued for the 17 consecutive Fridays against peaceful demonstrations organized by Palestinian civilians in the West Bank and Gaza Strip. The demonstrations were called â € œThe Great March of Returnâ € and the Siege of the Siege. The demonstrations also protested against US President Donald Trump's statement to transfer the US Embassy there. The demonstrations during the period under review were as follows:  Gaza Strip:
- At about 4:00 pm on Friday, July 20, 2018, thousands of civilians flocked to the Return camps founded by the Supreme National Authority for the Great March of Return and Smash, east of Malakah Junction, east of Al-Zaytoun neighborhood, east of Gaza City in the 17 ten consecutive Friday entitled "The UNRWA The conspiracy will not be handed over to refugees. "Flags were added to activities, national slogans were chanted, tires and kites were raised.Although the demonstrations were peaceful, the Israeli forces behind the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel were stationed on it, deliberately and arbitrarily living and rubber bullets and tear gas canisters on them de Mohammed Sharif Abed Badwan, 23, from the Al-Zaytoun district east of Gaza City, after being hit by a bullet. In addition, 35 civilians, including 3 children and one woman, were hit with bullets and splinter and tear gas canisters.
- At about the same time, hundreds of Palestinians flocked to the return camps east of Khuza & # 39; ah, east of Khan Younis in southern Gaza Strip, to participate in the demonstrations organized by the Supreme National Authority for the Great March of Return and Breaking Siege. The number of demonstrators rose around 4:30 pm as attendees gathered inside and outside the campsite to raise flags, chant national slogans and fly dozens of kites and balloons, while scores of them, including women and children, landed on the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel and set fire to it. A number of them attempted to throw stones at Israeli forces and remove the barbed wire fence erected by these forces in the Palestinian territories 30 to 50 meters from the main border fence. The Israeli forces, which were stationed behind hills, sandbars, military vehicles and their surroundings, sporadically opened the fire and fired tear gas canisters at the demonstrators and the area behind them. An Israeli tank arrived at the area and stationed next to the demonstrators in Khuza'ah, east of Khan Younis, and opened the fire on the demonstrators, who were considered serious by a doctor. At about 18:10, the shooting took place, which lasted until about 20:00. As a result, 10 civilians, including 2 children and a journalist, were hit with bullets and tear gas canisters. The wounded journalist Heba Sami Mohammed "Awad" (21) of Khan Younis, who works at the PalHadath Agency, was hit with a tear gas canister on her left hand when she wore a well-marked vest. The injured civilians were taken to the field hospital and then transferred to Nasser, Gaza, Europe and Algeria. In addition, dozens of civilians suffered tear gas. Some were medically treated on the spot or in the field hospital, while others were transferred to hospitals for medical treatment for tear gas inhalation and seizures.
- At about the same time, hundreds of civilians flocked to the return camps built by the Supreme National Authority for the Great March of Return and Breakdown, 400 meters from the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of all. Buraij in the central Gaza Strip. Dozens of young men, children and women approached the border fence, set tires on fire and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed behind fenced fences at the border fence. Israeli forces fired bullets and tear gas canisters at the participants. The clashes lasted until about 8:00 pm on the same day. As a result, 14 civilians, including 2 children, were injured. Twelve of them were hit with bullets and two others were hit with tear gas canisters. The injured civilians were taken to the al-Aqsa hospital in Deir al-Balah via ambulances of the Palestinian Red Crescent Society (PRCS). Doctors classified the injury of a civilian as serious and he was then taken to al-Shifa Hospital in Gaza City. Injuries to other injured civilians were classified as low and moderate.
- At about 5:00 pm, hundreds of Palestinians flocked to the retreat camps set up by the National High Return Marsh Authority, east of Abu Safiyah Hill, northeast of Jabalia in the northern Gaza Strip. The demonstrators raised Palestinian flags, chanted national slogans and set tires on fire. Dozens of them approached the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel and threw stones at Israeli soldiers stationed behind the border fence. The Israeli forces deliberately and arbitrarily fired rubber bullets and tear gas canisters at them. The clashes lasted until about 9 pm on the same day. As a result, 18 civilians, including 8 children, were injured. Seven of them were hit with bullets and shrapnel, 11 were hit with tear gas canisters. The injured civilians were taken to the Indonesian and al-Awda hospitals via ambulances from the PRCS, Medical Services and the Ministry of Health. Doctors classify civilian injury as serious
- At about the same time, thousands of civilians flocked to the detention camp, built by the Supreme National Authority for the Great March of Return and Breakdown, 300 meters from the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of all. Shawkah, east of Rafah in the southern Gaza Strip. A number of young men approached the border fence, flying kites, lighting tires and throwing stones at Israeli soldiers stationed behind the border fence. The soldiers fired bullets and tear gas canisters from the demonstrators. The clashes lasted until about 20:00 clock. As a result, 15 civilians, including 7 children, a woman and a journalist were injured. Ten of them were hit with bullets and shrapnel and five were hit with tear gas canisters. Among those injured was Zaki Yahiya Zaki – Awadallah, 27, a journalist on One Media Network, was hit with an explosive live bullet that injured civilians were taken to the field hospital in the repatriation camp and then into the detention center Hospital Abu Yusuf al-Najjar brought in Rafah Doctors classify their injuries as moderate
- At around 4:00 pm on Sunday, July 22, 2018, dozens of children and young men gathered near the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel east of al-Buraij in the central Gaza Strip to participate in the return march and break through the siege, throwing stones at Israeli soldiers stationed behind the sand barriers along the border fence, firing bullets and tear gas canisters lasted until about 8:00 pm on the same day, after which an 18-year-old civilian was shot with a ball in di met lower extremities. The wounded civilian was taken to the al-Aqsa hospital in Deir al-Balah via a PRCS ambulance and the doctors rated his injury as moderate.  At 12:05 pm on Monday, July 23, 2018, Israeli forces opened fire on a group of Palestinian civilians behind the border fence between the Gaza Strip and Israel, east of al-Shuhada, an Islamic cemetery east of Jabalia in the northern Gaza Strip. who participated in the demonstrations as they approached the border fence. As a result, a 15-year-old civilian from the al-Sheya & # 39; eya district in Gaza City was hit with a bullet on his right leg. He was transferred to the Indonesian hospital and the doctors classified his injury as moderate. [TuesdayJuly242018at11:30amIsraeliforcesopenedfireonagroupofPalestinianciviliansbehindtheborderfencebetweentheGazaStripandIsraeleastofal-ShuhadaanIslamiccemeteryeastofJabaliainthenorthernGazaStripThosewhoparticipatedintheMarchreturnwereactivatedastheyapproachedtheborderfenceAsaresulta23-year-oldcivilianfromTalal-HawadistrictGazaCitywashitwithafirearmonhisleftthighresultinginacutofthetendonsandfractureofthefemurThewoundedcivilianwastakentotheIndonesianhospitalandthedoctorsclassifiedhisinjuryasmoderate
Two civilians suffering from their wounds:
- On Monday, July 23, 2018, at approximately 00:48, medical care in the European Hospital In Khan Younis, in the southern Gaza Strip, Karam Ibrahim â € œAliâ € œ Arafat (26) from â € œAbasan al-Jadidahâ € announced his last wounds in the east of the city. According to PCHR investigations, Arafat was wounded on 8 June 2018 after being hit by a tear gas canister during his participation in the March of Return and Breaking victories in the village of Khuzaâ € ™ ah. It should be noted that the Israeli forces' inauguration fire on the same day caused the killing of Ziyad al-Braim (28) and wounded 11 civilians, including Arafat, whose injury was considered serious. â € œArafat stayed in ICU until his death. At about 11:45 am on Tuesday, July 24, 2018, medical sources at the Indonesian hospital in Jabalia, northern Gaza Strip reported the death of Majd Suhail Mohammed & # 39; Aqeel, 26, from al-Sekkah Street in Jabalia to wounds he suffered during his participation in the march of Return and Breaking Siege. Following PCHR's investigation, Majd was injured in the clashes that erupted on the anniversary of the Palestinian Nakbah day east of Abu Safiyah Hill, northeast of Jabalia, on May 14, 2017, when he was hit with a bullet on his thighs. Cutting the main artery. Majd was taken to the Indonesian hospital. On May 21, 2018, he was transferred to al-Mutalaâ € ™ s Hospital in Jerusalem. Majd returned to the Indonesian hospital from al-Mutala's Hospital on July 5, 2018, and remained in intensive care until his death.
- On Friday, July 20, 2018, at 13:40, a group of Palestinian civilians from Kufor Qaddoum Village moved northeast of Qalqiliyah, to the eastern entrance of the village, which was founded 15 years ago in favor of the entrance to "Kedumim" settlement on the village. The protesters chanted national slogans calling for an end to the occupation, condemning US President Donald Trump's decision to recognize Jerusalem as the capital of Israel and to condemn the Israeli forces' crimes against Palestinian demonstrators along the Gaza Strip's eastern border the siege of the activities. Several representatives of national factions and representatives of the National Action Factions in the north of the West Bank and a number of foreign and Israeli activists. Israeli soldiers stifled the demonstration and fired live and rubber bullets, sound bombs and tear gas canisters at them. As a result, 3 civilians, including a 13-year-old child, were hit in the left hand with a shrapnel.
- After the end of Friday's prayer, dozens of Palestinian civilians and Israeli and international human rights defenders organized protests against the annexation wall, settlement activities and US President Donald Trump's decision for Jerusalem in Bil'in and Ni'lin villages, west of Ramallah and al-Nabi Saleh, northwest of the city. The Israeli forces used force to disperse the demonstrators by firing live and rubber bullets, sound bombs, and tear gas canisters at them. The soldiers also chased them in olive fields and between houses. Many demonstrators suffered tear gas poisoning, but no victims or arrests were reported. Mowafaq – Amirah, a reporter on the Ni'lin Palestine television channel, told PCHR's fieldworker that on Thursday, July 19, 2018, the Israeli forces at the village entrance had set up a military checkpoint. The soldiers distributed leaflets about civilians in their civilian vehicles and repaired some of them on house walls and shops near the entrance to the village.The leaflet contained a threat by the Israeli armed forces to the villagers when they organized demonstrations.
- About At 2:00 pm that same day, several Palestinian youths gathered near a military checkpoint (56) at the entrance to al-Shuhada Street in the center of Hebron and threw stones at the checkpoint. Zawiyah Gate area were stationed, fired sound bombs and tear gas jerry cans on the stone throwers, the soldiers chased them also between stores, as a result, a number of civilians suffered tear gas poisoning. The children continued to throw stones at the soldiers who fired rubber bullets at them. As a result, a 14-year-old child was hit in the face with a rubber bullet. The child was taken to the Hebron Governmental Hospital via a PRCS ambulance to receive medical treatment. Doctors classify his injury as moderate.
- Efforts to create a Jewish majority
Israeli forces escalated their attacks on Palestinian civilians and their property. They also continued their attacks on the al-Aqsa mosque and denied access to the Palestinians:
] Arrests and break-ins:
- About 1:00 am on Sunday, July 22, 2018, Israeli troops marched into Manu district in occupied East Jerusalem-Old town. They ransacked and searched homes that arrested Jihad Naser Qaws (24), Mohamed al-Dabbagh, and Rohi al-Kalghasi. At about 1:30 am, Israeli forces marched into the village of Hizmah northeast of occupied East Jerusalem.
- They raided and ransacked a house of Sa Sayil al-Qadi (20) and subsequently arrested him.
- At about 2:00 am, the Israeli forces moved to Ras al-Amoud, east of occupied East Jerusalem. They searched a house of a former prisoner "Amr Bassam Abu" Arafah (30) and searched him.
- At around 2:30 am on Sunday, July 22, 2018, the Israeli forces moved to the village of Wadi Qaddoum in the village of Silwan, south of the occupied East Jerusalem Old Town. They raided and arrested a house belonging to a former inmate Moun Mohamed al-Razim (43).
- At about 4:30 am on Sunday, Israeli forces marched into the district of al-Sawanah, east of the occupied eastern city of East Jerusalem. They searched a house of the former prisoner Hanadi al-Helwani (38) and then searched her. Hanadi was then taken to a detention center for interrogation and released the same evening.  On Tuesday, July 24, 2018, around 2:30 am, Israeli forces marched into al-Issawiyia village northeast of occupied East Jerusalem. They searched a house of Waseem Naiyf "Obaid" (40) and arrested him with his wife Ibtisam "Obaid" (35). Waseem and his wife were then sent to a detention center in occupied Jerusalem. Mohamed Abu al-Humus, a member of the Issawiyia Follow-Up Committee, said the Israeli forces, accompanied by Israeli intelligence officials, moved to the village and Ibtisam "Obaid and her husband Waseem were arrested on the pretext of illegally entering Jerusalem and because Ibtisam owns the ID of the West Bank, Ibtisam was taken to the Salah al-Deen Station and then to the "Ofer Prison", southwest of Ramallah, Abu al-Humus adding that the Israeli police released Waseem after holding him for several hours They also asked him if he could keep his wife in the house and considered it a violation of the law because she did not have a permit. "It should be noted that the Israeli authorities deported Ibtisam from Jerusalem in March last year She pointed out that she has been living in Jerusalem with her husband and children for 16 years, and in recent years Ibt isam to obtain a passport or residence permit from the relevant Israeli authorities in vain on the pretext of "refusal of safety".
House demolition and announcement:
- On Thursday, July 19, 2018, Israeli forces ordered al-Shawamrah and Abu Irmilah families to settle in four apartments in al-Ashqariyia, Beit Haninah village, north of the occupied To destroy East Jerusalem. as an implementation of the decision of the Israeli Supreme Court. The Israeli Supreme Court claimed that ownership of the property on which the apartments were built has been owned by Israeli settlers since 1974. After PCHR's investigation, Rohi Abu Irmilah and Jehad Shawamrah built the above-mentioned apartments on an area of 1.5 Dun families in 2000. The families Al-Shawamrah and Abu Irmilah bought the 3-Dunum property from a Jerusalem family before they left turned to the courts to protect the property and the property built on it. In the beginning, the court ruled in favor of the two families, but a Settlement Association filed an appeal against the Court's ruling in 2013 and submitted papers proving their ownership of the land. The two families said that the papers submitted by the Settlement Association were fake. The Israeli Supreme Court has issued a decision granting the Israeli settlers the ownership of the land. The families preferred to demolish their homes instead of leaving them to the Israeli settlers or compensating, and for fear of moving their homes to settlement outposts. On Thursday morning, the two families demolished their homes, costing NIS 30,000, and set up a tent that housed 30 members, half of whom were children. Jehad al-Shawarmah, one of the owners of the apartments, said that after the construction of the apartments in 2000, the Israeli community imposed fines on the pretext of non-licensing. After that, the families tried to license the apartments and received their first licensing permit, but the Israeli settlers then claimed their ownership of the land in 2006. Jehad also said that an Israeli settler, Aryeh King, has used it through his lawyer for land and paid rent for use in recent years. After they went to court, the judges examined the land for the Palestinians who lived in the house, but the settler again demanded the land. The magistrate court closed the case for the Palestinians while the Israeli settler went to the district court to protest the case and provided fake documents claiming that the Israeli settlers own the land. The district court then issued a ruling granting Israeli settlers ownership of the land, and the Israeli Supreme Court upheld that ruling. Jehad fügte hinzu, dass seine Familie das Verhandeln der israelischen Streitkräfte ablehnte und sagte: " wir weigern uns, unsere Häuser den israelischen Siedlern zu geben". Es sei darauf hingewiesen, dass die oben genannten Wohnungen 30 Mitglieder beherbergten, die meisten von ihnen Kinder, und jetzt leben sie in 2 Zelten auf dem nahe gelegenen Land, weil die Mietpreise in Jerusalem hoch sind.
- Am Mittwoch gegen 08:00 Uhr Am 25. Juli 2018 zerstörten israelische Bulldozer einen Kindergarten und ein Frauenzentrum in der Beduinengemeinde "al-Baba Mount" im Südosten des besetzten Ost-Jerusalems unter dem Vorwand der Nicht-Lizenzierung. â € žAtallah Mazarâ € ™ a, Vertreter der al-Baba-Beduinen-Gemeinde, sagte, dass die von Bulldozern begleiteten israelischen Zivilverwaltungen unter dem Schutz der israelischen StreitkrÃ¤fte ohne Vorwarnung in die al-Baba-Beduinen-Gemeinde zogen. Die israelischen Bulldozer zerstörten den einzigen Kindergarten in der Gemeinde und das Frauenzentrum, ohne dass sich die Bewohner nähern konnten. Er sagte auch, dass der 60 Quadratmeter große Kindergarten aus Wohnwagen (Caravans) bestand, die aus Weißblech gebaut und vor zwei Monaten von der EU für die Dorfbewohner gestiftet worden waren. Der Kindergarten diente rund 28 Kindern. Â »Atallah stellte klar, dass es nicht das erste Mal war, dass die israelische Zivilverwaltung die HÃ¤user der Al-Baba-Beduinen-Gemeinde abriss. Es sei darauf hingewiesen, dass hier etwa 56 Familien in der Gemeinde leben.
- Am 4. Juli 2018 zerstörten die israelischen Streitkräfte in der Abu Nawar Beduinengemeinde in der Nähe des al-Izariyia-Dorfes östlich des besetzten Ost-Jerusalems 10 Wohnungen und 9 Baracken für die Viehzucht. Infolgedessen wurden rund 60 palästinensische Zivilisten obdachlos. Es sollte angemerkt werden, dass die Bewohner der Khan al-Ahmar Community eine vorsorgliche Anweisung erhielten, die Zerstörung der Gemeinde bis Mitte nächsten Monats zu stoppen. Diese Maßnahmen, die den Bewohnern der Khan al-Ahmar Community auferlegt werden, sind ein Vorspiel für die Vertreibung der Bewohner des Projekts "E1", das ein Siedlungsprojekt für 12.000 Dunum Ostjerusalems und das Westjordanland für israelische Projekte zugunsten israelischer Siedler ist. Theâ€œE1â€ project also aims at separating occupied Jerusalem from the West Bank and emptying the area from any Palestinian residents as part of project to separate south of the West Bank from its center and isolate occupied East Jerusalem from the West Bank.
Settlement activities and attacks by settlers against Palestinian civilians and property
Â Israeli forcesâ€™ attacks
- On Sunday morning, 22 July 2018, Israeli police and special Israeli forces provided protection for hundreds of settlers while raiding al-Aqsa Mosque yards in occupied East Jerusalemâ€™s Old City, on the anniversary of so-called â€œTempleÂ Destructionâ€ .Â The Islamic Endowment(Awqaf) Department said that around 1336 Israeli settlers raided al-Aqsa Mosque as groups from Al-Maghariba Gate. The Islamic Endowment Department stated that the Israeli settlers performed rituals and Talmudic prayers in the mosqueâ€™s yards, under the protection of hundreds of Israeli forces and armed Special Forces, who imposed a military cordon on al-Aqsa Mosqueâ€™s gates and obstructed the worshipersâ€™ movement. The storming of al-Aqsa Mosque came in the framework of invitations by Jewish organizations via their websites and media channels within unprecedented jewish majority program. This program aims at doubling the number of settlers, who raid al-Aqsa Mosque on the anniversaryÂ of the so-called â€œTempleâ€™s Destructionâ€ . These invitations received great support and encouragement from the Israeli Government, which endeavors to change the historical and legal situation of al-Aqsa Mosque.
Feras El-Debs, Head of Media and Public Relation Department in the Islamic Endowments (Awqaf), said that raiding of al-Aqsa Mosque usually happens by entering another group of settlers after exiting the first one from al-Aqsa Mosque, but the Israeli forces allowed all groups to raid the mosque together without waiting for the first to exit al-Selselah Gate. Â He also said that the Israeli police deliberately imposed restrictions on al-Aqsa Mosqueâ€™s worshipers and guards and attacked some of them. He emphasized that groups of Israeli settlers, who were performing prayers at al-Asbat Gate (LionsÂ Gate), obstructed media interviews conducted with the Grand Mufti of Jerusalem and the Palestinian Territories, Sheikh Mohammed Huissen, and the Director of al-Aqsa Mosque, Omar Al-Keswani.
According to PCHRâ€™s fieldworker, few numbers of Palestinian worshipers, who were allowed to enter al-Aqsa Mosque, tried to confront the settlersâ€™ raiding of al-Aqsa Mosque, but the Israeli police prevented them, chased them and threatened them to be arrested. The eyewitnesses also said that the Israeli police arrested Islam Bader Iskafi (14) from al-Aqsa Mosque while raising the Palestinian flag. They also arrested Hamza al-Nabulsi (15) while present in front of al-Asbat gate and Bassam Abu-Nab and Mohammed Abu-Nab while getting out of the mosque.
Furthermore, the Israeli settlers attacked Palestinian civilians, journalists and traders in al-Qataneen Market right, which is located near al-Aqsa Mosque. They raided and searched some shops and damaged their contents under the Israeli policeâ€™ protection. It should be noted that on Saturday, 21 July 2018, the Israeli police closed with steel barriers many roads leading to Jerusalem and the Old City. The Israeli police also provocatively deployed police officer and special Israeli forces in the area to secure the settlers demonstrations, which started from the Old City and headed to al-Buraq Wall.
Â Israeli settlersâ€™ attacks
- At approximately 09:00 on Saturday, 21 July 2018, a group of Israeli settlers from â€œSusyaâ€ settlement, south of Yatta, south of Hebron, moved into Kherbit Susya established on the above-mentioned settlementâ€™s lands and performed their religious rituals. The Israeli settlers cursed the villageâ€™s residents, who were present in the area, without any intervention of the Israeli forces. Al-Kherbah witnessed a large presence of the settlers during 3 days, causing fear among the residents.
- At approximately 11:00 on Sunday, 22 July 2018, Israeli forces closed Bab al-Zawiyiah area and Beer Sheva Street in the center of Hebron. They also ordered the shopâ€™s owners to close and allowed Israeli settlers to access to an ancient building on Beer Sheva Street. The settlers performed their Talmudic rituals there, claiming that there was a Hebron grave and holy places for them.
Recommendations to the International Community
PCHR warns of the escalating settlement construction in the West Bank, the attempts to legitimize settlement outposts established on Palestinian lands in the West Bank and the continued summary executions of Palestinian civilians under the pretext that they pose a security threat to the Israeli forces. PCHR reminds the international community that thousands of Palestinian civilians have been rendered homeless and lived in caravans under tragic circumstances due to the latest Israeli offensive on the Gaza Strip that has been under a tight closure for almost 11 years. PCHR welcomes the UN Security Councilâ€™s Resolution No. 2334, which states that settlements are a blatant violation of the Geneva Conventions and calls upon Israel to stop them and not to recognize any demographic change in the oPt since 1967.Â PCHR hopes this resolution will pave the way for eliminating the settlement crime and bring to justice those responsible for it. PCHR further reiterates that the Gaza Strip and the West Bank, including East Jerusalem, are still under Israeli occupation in spite of Israelâ€™s unilateral disengagement plan of 2005.Â PCHR emphasizes that there is international recognition of Israelâ€™s obligation to respect international human rights instruments and international humanitarian law.Â Israel is bound to apply international human rights law and the law of war, sometimes reciprocally and other times in parallel, in a way that achieves the best protection for civilians and remedy for the victims.
- PCHR calls upon the international community to respect the Security Councilâ€™s Resolution No. 2334 and to ensure that Israel respects it as well, in particular point 5 which obliges Israel not to deal with settlements as if they were part of Israel.
- PCHR calls upon the ICC this year to open an investigation into Israeli crimes committed in the oPt, particularly the settlement crimes and th e 2014 offensive on the Gaza Strip.
- PCHR Calls upon the European Union (EU) and all international bodies to boycott settlements and ban working and investing in them in application of their obligations according to international human rights law and international humanitarian law considering settlements as a war crime.
- PCHR calls upon the international community to use all available means to allow the Palestinian people to enjoy their right to self-determination through the establishment of the Palestinian State, which was recognized by the UN General Assembly with a vast majority, using all international legal mechanisms, including sanctions to end the occupation o f the State of Palestine.
- PCHR calls upon the international community and United Nations to take all necessary measures to stop Israeli policies aimed at creating a Jewish demographic majority in Jerusalem and at voiding Palestine from its original inhabitants through deportations and house demolit ions as a collective punishment, which violates international humanitarian law, amounting to a crime against humanity.
- PCHR calls upon the international community to condemn summary executions carried out by Israeli forces against Palestinians and to pressurize Israel to stop them.
- PCHR calls upon the States Parties to the Rome Statute of the ICC to work hard to hold Israeli war criminals accountable.
- PCHR calls upon the High Contracting Parties to the Geneva Conventions to fulfill their obligations under article (1) of the Convention to ensure respect for the Conventions under all circumstances, and under articles (146) and (147) to search for and prosecu te those responsible for committing grave breaches of the Geneva Conventions to ensure justice and remedy for Palestinian victims, especially in light of the almost complete denial of justice for them before the Israeli judiciary.
- PCHR calls upon the international community to speed up the reconstru ction process necessary because of the destruction inflicted by the Israeli offensive on Gaza.
- PCHR calls for a prompt intervention to compel the Israeli authorities to lift the closure that obstructs the freedom of movement of goods and 1.8 million civilians that experience unprecedented economic, social, political and cultural hardships due to collective punishment policies and retaliatory action against civilians.
- PCHR calls upon the European Union to apply human rights standards embedded in the EU-Israel Association Agreement and to respect its obligations under the European Convention on Human Rights when dealing with Israel.
- PCHR calls upon the inte rnational community, especially states that import Israeli weapons and military services, to meet their moral and legal responsibility not to allow Israel to use the offensive in Gaza to test new weapons and not accept training services based on the field experience in Gaza in order to avoid turning Palestini an civilians in Gaza into testing objects for Israeli weapons and military tactics.
- PCHR calls upon the parties to international human rights instruments, especially the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights (ICCPR) and the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (ICESCR), to pressurize Israel to comply with its provisions in the oPt and to compel it to incorporate the human rights situation in the oPt in its reports submitted to the relevant committees.
- PCHR calls upon the EU and international human rights bodies to pressurize the Israeli forces to stop their attacks against Palestinian fishermen and farmers, mainly in the b order area.
Fully detailed document available at the official website of the Palestinian Centre for Human Rights (PCHR).
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