A leading US medical organization representing more than 60,000 paediatricians recommends parents and children avoid certain food processing chemicals and called on the government to change its methods for the safety of substances  A A policy statement released Monday by the American Academy of Pediatrics states that the regulatory framework for certain chemicals is antiquated and relies on an outdated understanding of science.
An accompanying technical report cites increasing evidence of adverse effects of chemicals on children's foods B. taste and color, and substances that indirectly affect food through packaging and manufacturing, such as adhesives and coatings.
The report contains "some striking and surprising concerns regarding the lack of attention that these chemicals have received from regulators," said Dr. Leonardo Trasande, director of the Department of the Environment Ntal Pediatrics at the New York University School of Medicine and lead author of the opinion and report.
"Pound for pound, children eat more food and therefore have a higher exposure compared to us adults," said Trasande. "In addition, their developing organ systems are uniquely vulnerable. … There may be fundamental disturbances in various endocrine functions that may manifest not only in early childhood but possibly later in life as a result of prenatal or childish exposure. "
Trasande also cited several chemicals of particular importance: bisphenols in aluminum can liners (Bisphenol A was banned from baby bottles and sippy cups by the US Food and Drug Administration in 201
"Chemicals that are used in everyday products must be thoroughly evaluated for their potential to affect the product Dr. Maida P. Galvez, an associate professor in the Department of Preventive Medicine and Paediatrics at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, told CNN earlier.
Experts fear that human health may be investigated before they are made available on the market that these chemicals include a number of side effects Suffering from thyroid hormone disruption, endocrine disruption may include mimicking estrogen and blocking testosterone, brain development effects, increased risk of obesity, and decreased birth weight.
"It's not easy to get calories in," said Trasande. "It used to be a good place to think about obesity, but now we know that synthetic chemicals interfere with how calories are processed and eventually turned into protein versus sugar vs. fat."
"Even at a fundamental level, we understand that Thyroid hormone is not only important for brain development, but also heart function, bone function, muscle, "he added." Virtually every organ system is affected by thyroid hormone functions. "
The American Chemistry Council, which represents chemical companies, said in a statement that Americans should "know that all plastics intended for food contact are tested for safety and must meet stringent FDA safety requirements before they can be used in food packaging.
"Consumers want to know that the products they buy – including packaged food – are designed to work, deliver the benefits they want, and are safe for their families – plastic packaging is critical to protecting the quality and integrity of food and nutrition safe transport and safe food storage. "
There are three main areas of action on the subject, Trasande said. One is broader social action, where the public demands change, the second what paediatricians can do, and the third is what regulators can do to ensure safety.
Approximately 1,000 chemicals are considered "generally accepted as safe" approval by the FDA, the authors noted. The FDA declares that any substance deliberately used as a food additive is subject to its approval, "unless the substance is generally accepted as safe by qualified experts as sufficient under the conditions of its intended use."
The Academy has called on the government to revise the Generally Recognized As Safe process, make it more transparent, and demand additional toxicity testing prior to approval of chemicals for use in food.
"There are safe and easy steps that families can take Limit their exposure: Reduce canned food consumption, avoid microwave plastic," said Trasande. "This is another opportunity to emphasize the need for fresh fruits and vegetables in contrast to other heavily processed or packaged foods, not just because of the nutrients and how they differ, but also because of the chemical contamination that is found in fast foods and Other packaged foods are much larger. "
Additional recommendations include avoiding processed meat products, especially during pregnancy, and avoiding foods in plastic packaging that comply with the recycling codes 3 (phthalates), 6 (styrene, suspected carcinogens) or 7 (bisphenols). One exception is when the plastics are labeled as "bio-based" or "greenware" which means that they are based on corn and are not made with bisphenols, the report says.
If possible, glass and stainless steel can be used instead of plastic. The academy also suggests washing hands before they handle food and drinks and do not wash peelable fruits and vegetables.