Most People Come Into Plastic Containers by Food and Water (19659003) A leading American medical organization that represents more than 60,000 paediatricians, recommends parents and children to avoid certain chemicals that are used in food processing , and called on the government to adapt its methods for determining substances
According to a statement issued by the American Academy of Pediatrics on Monday, the legal framework for certain chemicals is antiquated and based on an outdated understanding of science.
An accompanying technical report cites increasing evidence of adverse health effects in children from chemicals that are added to food during processing, such as: B. Flavors and dyes, and substances indirectly B. by adhesives and coatings.
The report contains "some striking and surprising concerns over the lack of attention that these chemicals have received from regulators," Dr. Leonardo Trasande, Director of the Department of Environmental Pediatrics at the New York University School of Medicine and lead author of the opinion and report.
"Pound for pound, children eat more food and therefore have higher exposure compared to us adults," said Trasande. "In addition, their developing organ systems are uniquely vulnerable … There may be fundamental disturbances in various endocrine functions that may manifest not only in early childhood but possibly later in life as a result of prenatal or child exposure."
Trasande also cited several chemicals of particular importance: bisphenols in aluminum can liners (Bisphenol A was banned from baby bottles and sippy cups by the US Food and Drug Administration in 2012, but the FDA claims its safety in food packaging); Phthalates, which are used to soften plastics; Perchlorates used in food packaging; and nitrates and nitrites, which are preservatives and color enhancers.
"Chemicals used in everyday products must be thoroughly investigated for their potential for human health effects before they are made available in the marketplace," Dr. Maida P. Galvez, associate professor in the Department of Preventive Medicine and Paediatrics at the Icahn School of Medicine at Mount Sinai, told CNN earlier. Experts fear that these chemicals may have a number of side effects including thyroid hormone disruption, endocrine disruption, imitating estrogen and blocking testosterone, brain development effects, increased risk of obesity, and decreased birth weight.
"It's not easy to get calories in," said Trasande. "This used to be a practical framework to think about obesity, but now we know that synthetic chemicals interfere with how calories are processed and eventually turned into protein versus sugar vs. fat."
"At a fundamental level, we understand that Thyroid hormone is not only important for brain development, but also heart function, bone function, muscle, "he added." Virtually every organ system is affected by thyroid hormone function. "
The American Chemistry Council, which represents chemical companies, said in a statement, "Americans should know that all plastics intended for food contact are tested for safety and must meet stringent FDA safety requirements before they can be used in food packaging.
"Consumers want to know that the products they buy – including packaged food – work as expected, deliver the benefits they want, and are safe for their families Plastic packaging is critical to protecting the quality and integrity of food and safe Transport and safe food storage. "
There are three main areas of action in this area, Trasande explained. One is broader social action in which the public demands change, the second is what paediatricians can do, and the third is what regulators can hire to ensure safety.
About 1,000 chemicals are considered "generally accepted as safe" approval by the FDA, the authors noted. The FDA declares that any substance deliberately used as a food additive is subject to its approval, "unless the substance is generally accepted as safe by qualified experts as sufficient under the conditions of its intended use."
The Academy has called on the government to revise the Generally Recognized As Safe process, making it more transparent and calling for additional toxicity testing before approving chemicals for food.
"There are safe and easy steps that families can take Limit their exposure: Reduce canned food consumption, avoiding microwave plastic," said Trasande. "This is another opportunity to emphasize the need for fresh fruits and vegetables in contrast to other heavily processed or packaged foods, not just because of the nutrients and how they differ, but also because of the chemical contamination that is found in fast foods and Other packaged foods are much larger. "
Additional recommendations include avoiding processed meats, especially during pregnancy, and avoiding foods in plastic packaging that comply with the recycling codes 3 (phthalates), 6 (styrene, suspected carcinogens) or 7 (bisphenols). One exception is when the plastics are labeled as "bio-based" or "greenware" which means that they are based on corn and are not made with bisphenols, the report says.
If possible, glass and stainless steel can be used instead of plastic. The academy suggests washing hands before they handle food and drinks and do not wash peelable fruits and vegetables.