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Physical activity can help reduce the risk of breast, prostate and colorectal cancer



Healthy eating and non-alcoholic physical activity can help reduce overall cancer risk while reducing breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer risks.

Researchers from the American Association for Cancer Research analyzed the nutritional values ​​that were the biggest Benefit from a diet that reduces alcohol and reduces cancer risk.

The researchers estimated that in developed countries about 35 percent of breast cancer cases and 45 percent of colorectal cancers could be avoided by better adherence to dietary recommendations. It is therefore very important to examine the role of nutrition in cancer screening.

This study evaluated three previously validated dietary recommendations: the WCRF / AICR score; the Alternate Healthy Eating Index; and the French Nutrition and Health Program guidelines score, plus a relatively new index, the MEDI-LITE score, which measures adherence to a Mediterranean diet.

The researchers found that all diets were associated with a reduced risk, but the WCRF / AICR recommendations, which were developed specifically for cancer prevention, had the strongest association with reduced risk.

Between May 2009 and January 1

, 2017, 1,489 cancer cases were diagnosed, including 488 breast cancers, 222 prostate cancers, and 118 colorectal cancers. The researchers used multivariable Cox proportional hazard models to characterize the relationships between each nutritional value and cancer risk.

The study showed that a 1-point increase in WCRF / AICR was associated with a 12% reduction in overall cancer risk; a 14% decrease in breast cancer risk and a 12% decrease in prostate cancer risk.

Adherence to other diets was also associated with a decreased risk of cancer, but the WCRF / AICR index showed greater statistical strength and better English: bio-pro.de/en/region/stern/magazine/…3 Because of this and because the other three diets were not specifically designed for cancer screening, the researchers performed further analysis on the WCRF / AICR scores, excluding certain components to assess the relative importance of SCRF

"This underlines the role of an overall healthy lifestyle – nutrition and physical activity and alcohol prevention – in preventing cancer, so it's important to keep in mind that every lifestyle factor counts and it's never too late for a healthy lifestyle," said Bernard Srour, a researcher ,

The results appeared in the Journal of Cancer Research.


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