Healthy eating and non-alcoholic physical activity can help reduce overall cancer risk while reducing breast, prostate, and colorectal cancer risks.
Researchers from the American Association for Cancer Research analyzed the nutritional values that were greatest Use a diet that reduces alcohol and reduces the risk of cancer.
The researchers estimated that in developed countries around 35 percent of breast cancer cases and 45 percent of colorectal cancers could be avoided by better adherence to dietary recommendations. It is therefore very important to examine the role of nutrition in cancer screening.
This study evaluated three previously validated dietary recommendations: the WCRF / AICR score; the Alternate Healthy Eating Index; and the French Nutrition and Health Program guidelines score, plus a relatively new index, the MEDI-LITE score, which measures compliance with a Mediterranean diet. The researchers found that all diets were associated with a reduced risk, but the WCRF / AICR recommendations, which were developed specifically for cancer prevention, had the strongest association with reduced risk.
Between May 2009 and January 1
The study showed that a 1-point increase in the WCRF / AICR score was associated with a 12 percent decrease in cancer risk overall; 14 percent decrease in breast cancer risk and 12 percent decrease in prostate cancer risk
Compliance with other diets was also associated with decreased cancer risk, but the WCRF / AICR index had higher statistical strength and better predictive power, Srour said and Touvier. For this reason, and because the other three diets were not specifically designed for cancer prevention, researchers performed further analysis on the WCRF / AICR scores, excluding certain components to assess the relative importance of each diet.
"This underlines the role It is therefore important to remember that every lifestyle factor counts and it is never too late to adopt a healthy lifestyle," said Bernard Srour, a researcher.
The results appeared in the Journal of Cancer Research.
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