This is a Bose-Einstein condensate.
For the first time in history, an international team of physicists has managed to produce the strange state of matter known as a Bose-Einstein condensate (BEC) in space.
A Bose-Einstein condensate is created by taking gas atoms that have extremely low density and then chilling them to very close to absolute zero (technically to within a billionth of a degree). With such cold temperatures as these, the atoms start to behave oddly and move into a single macroscopic quantum wave, turning them into a weird state of matter. And as Science Magazine reports, physicists in Germany have now successfully produced a BEC like this in space.
Physicists chose to perform their experiment in space because of this. In order to be studied, usually a BEC has to be taken out of its trap of electromagnetic fields and light and in a vacuum chamber it would hit the floor just in a fraction of a second, making it thoroughly difficult to examine.
However, in space, this issue does not exist as soon as a Bose-Einstein condensate is released Lab. These experiments involve the creation of BECs.
Bose-Einstein condensates in space, here is what it means for Physics research. #science #space #physics #research #matter #work #nature #universe https://t.co/tk7wYLlvhF
To produce this strange state of matter , physicists embarked upon the creation of an automated rig which contained a chip that held rubidium-87 atoms, lasers, a power source and electronics trapped inside it. January 23, 2017 in Sweden and what was taken 150 miles up in space. Physicists were able to create a BEC in just 1.6 seconds and performed their experiments during the six-minute period of weightlessness as the rocket fell back to Earth.
While American Physicists did launch NASA's Cold Atom Laboratory back in May so that Bose-Einstein condensates could be studied in this case.
The new study on the Bose-Einstein condensates that has been published in Nature.
Original article can be found by clicking here