The Polish government has reinstated a number of Supreme Court judges, which forced them into early retirement.
President Andrzej Duda has formalized the move on Monday, which means that now one third of the top judges will be reinstated.
The government is controversial The retirement age for judges was lowered earlier this year, and many forced the Office to resign. The critics said it was a political move by the ruling Justice and Justice party.
The EU Supreme Court ordered Poland to suspend application of the law. [1
Critics said the law helped to give the Supreme Court control of the law and justice (PiS).
The PiS has already appointed the majority of judges to the Constitutional Court, which has the power to veto a law, and also controls the body appoints all the judges in Poland.
It argued that the reforms were necessary to remove the judges who had been appointed during the communist era and to make the court more efficient
Why the turn of the government?
The ruling of the European Court of Justice in October was demanded by the European Commission – the executive body of the EU, which argued that the reforms had undermined the rule of law because they had given the rulers Party political control of the judiciary.
. This decision was confirmed on Monday at midnight to decide if she should agree.
But the government had already agreed to abolish the law and to respect the court's decision.
"We are members of the European Union, and we will abide by EU law," said PiS leader Jaroslaw Kaczynski last month.
What was the law
The law of the Supreme Court, which lowered the retirement age for judges from 70 to 65, was introduced in July, triggering widespread protests on the streets. 19659007] More than 20 judges – about one third of the total – had to retire but can now work again.
Opponents had feared that the PiS would apply the law to appoint new judges loyal to the authorities.
One of these opponents was the Chief of the Supreme Court, who refused to resign, claiming that the Polish constitution guaranteed her the right to serve a six-year term.
The Supreme Judge Malgorzata Gersdor, 65, marked the reforms as a "purge".
The conservative government denied the allegations and argued that the country's judiciary had not been reformed properly after the end of communism in 1989.