According to the report, black Canadians accounted for 32% of all charges analyzed between 2013 and 2017, including non-compliance, cannabis possession, trespassing, and some driving offenses – crimes the research team focused on because they are typically on the rise at an officer’s discretion .
And while they make up less than a tenth of Toronto’s population, blacks have been charged almost four times more often than whites and seven times more often than other races.
References to race profiles
Although they were charged more than any other racial or ethnic group, black Canadians were also more likely to withdraw their charges and their charges were less likely to result in conviction than whites, according to the report.
This finding “undermines the suggestion that [Black Canadians] more charges because they become more involved in illegal behavior, “the commission said in its report.
However, it suggests that Toronto Police may overwhelm or attack black Canadians because of their race.
According to the commission, the creation of race profiles by the police is most obvious in the case of driving offenses. One-third of all those who were given a one-time “out of sight” toll – or charges that could only be discovered after the police pulled someone over and questioned someone – were black. Out of sight charges include driving without a valid driver’s license or insurance.
These crimes are the result of “proactive policing,” said the commission, in which an officer checks a license plate or pulls up a driver without knowing if that driver has committed a crime. That blacks are more likely to bring these charges shows that Toronto police are more likely to use these proactive policing tactics on black Canadians.
Black Canadians are more likely to be shot by the police
Black Toronto residents were over-represented in a number of police violent incidents.
During this period, the report found that black Canadians accounted for nearly 30% of violence, 36% of shootings, 61% of violence that killed civilians, and 70% of police shootings.
Why the police are more likely to arrest and prosecute black Canadians
Since the period covered by the report, the Toronto Police Service has established a Justice, Inclusion and Human Rights Department that “seeks to provide unbiased service,” has begun anti-racism training against blacks and now has its own racial data is collecting bias among Toronto officers, the service said.