These substances are the tip of a iceberg whose true size and risks are unknown. ECHA, which is responsible for the evaluation of registration dossiers, has already analyzed two thousand cases involving 700 substances. She assumes that in 70% of the cases she will not be subject to the documentation required by the Regulation, resulting in delays in the work. In light of the information provided and another provided by the World Science System and already under Reach since 2012, 352 substances were identified as priorities for evaluation by 2018. The Member States whose agencies are normally entrusted with this task have only completed the in-depth analysis of 94, ie less than 27% by the end of last year.
The scenario is worrying, as the European Union itself assumes that it is 60% (in marketed quantities) of the chemicals on the market that are in no way harmful to health and the environment. However, this finding is not transferred to Reach, which is slowed by the slowdown in the handling of information – also adopted by the European Commission itself in the last regulation report – in response to the results of the evaluations. This is a rhythm that BSE criticizes because it is not in line with the principles of public health and environmental protection, which among other things led to the creation of this demanding rule.
Two examples, under 46
The coordinator of EEB, Tatiana Santos, gives the example of resorcinol, a substance that is produced in large quantities and used in skin and hair products. Their assessment has revealed that it is an endocrine disruptor that may be causing hormonal problems and, due to its widespread use, should be included in the European list of substances of very high concern, the use of which is restricted.
Another example in this list of completed assessments is that of N-cyclohexyl-2-benzothiazolesulfenamide, an additive used in the industry according to ECHA in textiles, furniture, toys, curtains, footwear, leather goods, paper and paperboard in paints for electronic devices and other coatings. It is, according to this description, an almost ubiquitous terrain, but already identified as CMR – carcinogenic, mutagenic and toxic to reproduction (affecting the development of the fetus).
Every day, workers in all of these industries and consumers of the products they bring to market are brought into contact with this substance, which is important given their risks and their very persistent and highly bioaccumulative toxicity a list of substances of very high concern for which commitments have to be made for specific purposes (their potential impact is low). The scenario of inactivity is almost universal in nearly half of the 94 substances studied, given documented risks from several studies. Only 12 of the 46 products listed by BSE in the report released on Tuesday were faced with follow-up to curb potential damage, which worried environmentalists. There are more reasons not to be rested: 126 of the 192 substances currently assessed by the Member States lacked information to "prove" the security of their trade in the EU.
The Portuguese company Susana Fonseca of the Zero Environmentalist Association, one of the EEB-owned organizations, believes that the European authorities are too lenient with industry and argues that the EU is in this If the principle "No date, no market" should follow "Provided in the REACH regulation itself: that is, it should prevent a certain substance from being placed on the market until all the information has been made available." If the dossier "If there is no quality, this substance should be suspended." Susana Fonseca says: "Request more funding from Portugal for substance evaluation tasks and a clear position on the protection of public health and the environment in the ECHA committees, where opinions on applications for approval are of concern classified substances are released
Environmentalists note that d Inaction by the perpetrators and delays in the development of non-harmful alternative solutions for a strong industry whose turnover has more than doubled between 2004 and 2014, according to the European Commission, is set to double again by 2030. The Commission itself has already assumed that the difficulties in assessing the European role in question, in order to achieve a global goal, which is to achieve by 2020 "the environmentally sound management of chemicals" and all waste throughout their life cycle in accordance with agreed international Milestones and significantly reduces their release into air, water and soil to minimize their negative impact on human health and the environment.
In an introductory note to the report, Secretary-General of the European Environment Office, Jeremy Wates, urges EU officials to increase the demand and transparency of information on these products. "Exposure to chemicals causes a silent pandemic," he said, citing a recent UN report convening a meeting in Uruguay on Tuesday to adopt a global strategy for "In a European election year and with increasing populism, the Reach should be one Flagship demonstration of what the European Union can do for its citizens to protect and protect public health and the environment.
European industry is at the forefront of the transition to a cleaner and safer world " says Jeremy Wates, challenging supervisors to act on the "urgency" of the case.