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Possible to defeat Malaria, but probably not soon



From VOA Learning English, this is the report on health and lifestyle.

The World Health Organization (WHO) says it is possible to defeat malaria, although this is not likely with current methods. [19659002] Pedro Alonso leads the United Nations Global Malaria Program. He says the WHO wants to eradicate the disease but "with the instruments available today, it is highly unlikely that eradication will be achieved." one-year study on the fight against the disease.

Malaria infected around 219 million people in 2017. This year, around 435,000 people died of the disease. The vast majority were babies and children in the poorest areas of Africa. These totals have barely changed since 201

6. However, the numbers are lower than the 239 million infections and 607,000 deaths reported in 2010.

Abdourahmane Diallo is head of the RBM Partnership Against Malaria. The group published a statement from him on the WHO report. It said, "Today there are more countries without malaria than with malaria and more countries than ever before with less than 10,000 cases of malaria, bringing the elimination of malaria within reach."

Diallo noted this in some areas, malaria cases are increasing, demonstrating the need to "re-ignite and accelerate progress".

WHO officials wanted to destroy malaria for a long time. The United Nations Organization first attempted to launch a campaign against the disease in 1955, before ruling it out in the 1960s. Now the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation financially supports recent efforts.

  An employee of Anglogold Ashanti Malaria Ltd sprayed on May 2, 2018 in Adansi Domeabra near Obuasi, Ashanti, the walls of a house with mosquito insecticide region.

A worker from Anglogold Ashanti Malaria Ltd sprays the walls of a house with insecticides on May 2, 2018 in Adansi Domeabra near Obuasi, Ashanti region.

Anti-Malaria Tools

There are a number of medicines to successfully treat malaria. Sleeping Under Chemically Treated Bed Nets have been shown to be effective in controlling mosquitoes and infections that transmit malaria.

The drug company GSK has also developed a vaccine that has proven to be partially effective against malaria. The vaccine is currently used in Ghana and Malawi.

However, according to the WHO report, these tools will not be enough to put an end to the overall malaria threat. It calls for the research and development of " transformative tools and knowledge" to combat mosquitoes and to create more effective drugs for the prevention and treatment of the disease.

The report says less than 1% of international funding for health research and development is now leading to the development of anti-malaria tools.

"Our priority … should be to create the foundation for a successful future eradication while avoiding the risk of failure that would lead to the disease Waste of huge sums of money …", means it in the report.

  A pygmy man from the Bagyeli tribe shows plants used for the traditional treatment of malaria in the Kribi region of Cameroon.

A A pygmy man from the Bagyeli tribe shows plants used for the traditional treatment of malaria in the Kribi region of Cameroon.

Has a disease ever been eradicated?

Smallpox is the only human disease ever to hav eradicated. Thanks to successful vaccinations, WHO declared the disease eradicated in 1980. Since then, no natural cases of smallpox have been reported.

In 1988, WHO and its health partners launched an international campaign to defeat polio by the year 2000 With billions of dollars invested, efforts have repeatedly failed to eradicate the eradication targets.

"An effective vaccine is something we urgently need if we ever want to control malaria, and we simply do not have it," said Alister Craig of the Liverpool School of Tropical Medicine.

Craig wondered if malaria programs would be able to raise the money they needed in the face of other competing eradication campaigns, including those for Polio and Guinea Worm.

Sian Clarke is co-director of the Malaria Center at the London School of Hygiene and Tropical Medicine. She says that because mosquitoes spread malaria by infecting humans with a parasite, extermination could only be possible if there is a sense of urgency.

"The longer it takes, the more possibilities exist for the parasite to evolve," she said. "So that's something that should be done relatively quickly if it's to be done."

And that's the Health and Lifestyle Report.

I'm Anna Matteo.

Hai Do has adapted this story for VOA learning English with reports from Reuters and Associated Press. George Grow was the publisher.

Quiz – WHO: Possible to defeat malaria, but probably not soon.

  Quiz - WHO: Possible to beat malaria, but probably not soon.

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Eliminate words in this story

– v. To eliminate or destroy something harmful

Elimination – n. The act or process of removing something or somebody

reignite – v. to revive something or give energy

accelerate – v. so that something happens sooner or later faster

netto – n. A device used to catch or hold something

transformative – adj. cause or effect a change

Founding – n. something like an idea that supports something

Opportunity – n. Chance


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