(CBS News) – As the opioid epidemic continues to wreak havoc across the country, a new report from the CDC (Centers for Disease Control and Prevention) sheds light on the devastating consequences opioid addiction may have on pregnant women. The analysis, published Thursday in CDC's Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report, found that the number of women with opioid failure (OUD) at work and delivery more than quadrupled from 1999 to 2014.
Opioid dependence can lead to a range of health problems Problems that affect physical well-being, mental health and social relationships. According to the CDC, opioids, includingand in 201
For the study, the researchers analyzed a national database containing information about women In 28 states, the rate of opioid use disorder increased from 1.5 per 1,000 hospital stays in 1999 to 6.5 in 2014. On average, the national prevalence rate rose by 0.39 cases per 1,000 per academic year.
The authors also observed some geographical differences. Average annual rate increases were lowest in California and Hawaii and highest in Maine, New Mexico, Vermont and West Virginia.
"Even in states with the lowest annual increases, more and more women present with opioid dysfunction work and delivery," Wanda Barfield, MD, Rear Admiral, US Public Health Service (USPHS) and Director, Department of Reproductive Health, said in a statement , "This country-level data can provide a solid foundation for the development and adaptation of prevention and treatment efforts."
The authors acknowledge that variability by state may reflect differences in opioid prescription rates or the prevalence of illicit drug use as a result of improved screening, diagnosis and treatment
The report also includes strategies for states to combat opioid dependence in pregnant women, including:
- Ensuring adequate prescription of opioids, in line with the latest data from the CDC guidelines
- Maximizing and improving prescription drug surveillance programs
- Performing a universal narcotic screening during the first prenatal visit
- 19659011] Ensuring that pregnant women with opioid disorders have access to drug-based therapy and other addiction treatment  Ensure that mothers with opioid disorders have adequate patient-centered postpartum care g, including Mental Health, Receive Treatment, Relapse Prevention and Family Planning
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