In a statement on Monday afternoon, Foreign Minister Mike Pompeo said the government had officially notified the United Nations of its plans.
"In international climate discussions, we will continue to offer a realistic and pragmatic model Real world outcomes show that innovation and open markets are leading to greater prosperity, reduced emissions and safer energy sources," Pompeo said. "We will continue to work with our global partners to improve resilience to the effects of climate change and to prepare for and respond to natural disasters."
But environmental and health activists condemned the decision quickly, even if it was no surprise.
"Giving up the Paris Agreement is cruel for future generations and makes the world less secure and productive," said Andrew Steer, president of the World Resources Institute, in a statement. "It also fails to people in the United States who will lose clean energy jobs as other nations take advantage of the competitive advantages and technological advantages that the low-carbon future offers."
The Paris Climate Agreement came into force legally. 4, 2016, after the United States and other countries officially joined the landmark agreement. However, under the rules established by the United Nations, no country was able to terminate the agreement for three years. Thereafter, one year must be waited until the revocation becomes fully effective.
Monday was the first day that the Trump government contracted this one-year notice, and it wasted no time. In other words, the United States can officially leave the Paris Agreement on November 4, 2020, one day after the presidential elections next year.
Should a Democrat win the White House, the nation could resume the agreement after a short absence. Many candidates have pledged to do so. If Trump were to succeed, his re-election would likely cement the long-term withdrawal of the United States, which was a key force in supporting global efforts under President Barack Obama.
The move on Monday will take place at a time when scientists say the world must take "unprecedented" measures to cut their carbon emissions over the next decade and halve them by 2030 to be irreversible and potentially catastrophic effects of climate change.
The world has already warmed by more than 1 degree Celsius (1.8 degrees Fahrenheit) above pre-industrial levels. The Paris Agreement set ambitious targets to keep the planet's warming "far below" a rise of 2 degrees Celsius (3.6 degrees Fahrenheit) and, if possible, not more than 1.5 degrees Celsius (2.7 degrees Fahrenheit).
However, a Washington Post analysis has found that around one tenth of the world has already warmed by more than 2 degrees Celsius compared to the mid to late 19th century for the past five years.
Also, Monday is just weeks after world leaders gathered at a "Climate Action Summit" in New York to encourage nations to make known commitments to reduce emissions driving global warming. This event exposed the tensions between a growing activist movement that wants to be more aggressive and global leaders who have not yet embarked on the changes that scientists see as essential to averting the worst effects of climate change in the decades to come.
The biggest prize is doing nothing, "said UN General Secretary António Guterres of the Assembly. "The biggest cost comes from subsidizing a dying fossil fuel industry, building more and more coal-fired power plants, negating the fact that we're in a deep climate hot-pit, and to get out of here, we have to stop digging." 19659002] At an appearance in the Rose Garden on June 1, 2017, Trump announced plans to remove the country from the Paris Agreement for the first time, in which nearly 200 countries had voluntarily and noncommittally committed to reducing their carbon emissions over time. He argued that the agreement "penalized the United States for the exclusive benefit of other countries".
Critics described Trump's rejection of the Paris Agreement in light of increasingly terrible scientific warnings of rising sea levels, extreme weather and storms as irresponsible and dangerously devastating effects on agriculture and wildlife, should the world not dramatically reduce its greenhouse gas emissions. They also refer to the decision as a bad economic policy, as the government does not accept the growing wind, solar and other renewable technologies, even though the coal mining industry Trump aims to continue to reduce. No surprise, it's a sad reminder of where the former climate change leader is now, "said Susan Biniaz, former State Department negotiator and currently a lecturer at Yale Law School, in an e-mail about the announcement of Monday. "The decision of two years ago [to abandon the Paris accord] is even grotesque now – the reasons for the withdrawal are no longer correct, and science is even clearer that we should step up our efforts far from withdrawing."
Two-thirds describe climate change as a crisis, according to a recent survey by The Washington Post and the Kaiser Family Foundation (KFF).
The survey found that Trump is doing too little to tackle the problem that a vast majority of Americans – about 8 out of 10 – say human activity is fueling climate change, and about half believe it's urgent within the next decade Action must be taken to avert the worst effects of humanity. Almost 4 out of 10 respondents say that climate change is a "crisis" less than a quarter of a century ago.
Although world leaders have pledged to push ahead with climate action without the United States, progress has been slow and inconsistent
The commitments made by the Paris countries to reduce emissions were far from sufficient to cope with Achieving the objectives set out in the agreement – a reality that has repeatedly been recognized by Heads of State and Government. The plan was that nations should increase their ambition over time. And although dozens of countries have announced their intention to do just that in the coming year, it remains unclear whether it will be nearly sufficient to bring the world on a more sustainable path.
Global carbon dioxide emissions reached a record high in the year 2000 in 2018, scientists said late last year, underscoring the gap between the world's efforts to combat climate change and what countries actually do.
In the meantime, the Trump administration has continued to aggressively reverse Obama's environmental policy on reducing CO2 emissions, including regulations designed to accelerate carbon offsets and steadily increase the fuel efficiency of the national automobile fleet.
And the President has made it clear that he sees an increase in the production of fossil fuels – non-renewable energy and the international climate – sees agreements – as a more important priority for the nation.
"I believe that the United States has enormous wealth. The wealth is under his feet. I brought this wealth to life, "Trump said during a press conference this summer in France. "I will not lose this wealth – I will not lose it through dreams or windmills."
Carol Morello contributed to this report.