Koji Sasahara / AP
President Trump is the first official state visit to Japan since the Japanese Emperor Naruhito ascended the throne.
President and First Lady Melania Trump have already had dinner with Japanese executives and will participate in a sumo wrestling match where Trump will present a trophy called "President's Cup" to the winner.
Emperor Naruhito and his wife, Harvard-educated, Empress Masako, hold an Imperial State Banquet for Trump. The President's visit will also include a visit to a naval base and a bilateral meeting with Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe.
At the top of their agenda is trade and North Korea. Michael Green, the Japanese chairman of the Center for Strategic and International Studies, told the NPR, "The Japanese economy is number 3 in the world, behind the US and China, so it's a really important relationship Prime Minister Abe really needs Donald Trump to surpass his 1980s vision of Japan and see the great potential in the relationship. "
Green was also a senior adviser to President George W. Bush and the USSR National Security Council.
In 1987, Trump published a full-page newspaper ad in which he stated, "Japan and other nations have taken advantage of the United States."
As President, Trump maintained Japan's views as an economic rival rather than an ally and maintained tariffs on Japanese metals while raising tariffs on steel and aluminum from Canada and Mexico. Trump has also threatened Japan with tariffs on cars. Last week, Trump said he had decided to postpone these new car fares for six months. Trump is seeking a bilateral trade agreement with Japan after the US withdrew from the Trans-Pacific partnership with 12 states.
Concerns over North Korea and the resumption of short-range missile testing earlier this month will also be a focus of Trump's meeting with Abe. Japan has called on the Trump administration to maintain pressure on North Korea and has stated that missile testing this month is a violation of United States resolutions.
Ayesha Rascoe of the NPR reports: "Japan wants to show that it is the best friend of the US in the region, and this is important because Japan is on the one hand with China and trying to maintain its dominance, and North Korea on the other hand, confrontational, Prime Minister Abe has invested heavily in developing a personal relationship with Trump, and in many ways, this journey will be an extension of that. "