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Home / World / Protests damaged Peru's mysterious Nazca lines. The repair effort led to the discovery of even more.

Protests damaged Peru's mysterious Nazca lines. The repair effort led to the discovery of even more.



The environmental organization Greenpeace caused outrage in 2014 with a protest in place of a large-scale ancient art in Peru that left its mark in the desert, which officials claimed would take hundreds of years. [19659003AbereinunerwarteterAufwärtstrendscheintvondemMissgeschickherrührenzukönnen:AlsTeileinerSubventiondiedemLandalsAntwortgegebenwurdesagenForscherdasssiemehrals50neueBeispielefürdieseltsamenÄtzungenderWüstegefundenhabendiealsNazcabekanntsindLinien

The Nazca Lines are huge geoglyphs – designs scratched into the desert surface between 500 BC and 500 AD in a coastal plain south of Lima, declared by UNESCO as one of the "greatest mysteries" of the archaeological world.. referred to as. They cover approximately 290 square miles and represent creatures, plants and imaginary beings as well as lines and geometric patterns.

Some of the newly discovered lines belong to the Nazca culture, which dates back to 200 to 700 AD, while others are believed to be around even more back to the Paracas and Topará cultures from 500 BC to date to 200 AD, according to National Geographic, which first reported the story

The Nazca geoglyphs best viewed in the air , were created by moving stones to sketch the broad lines and move the top layer of the floor lighter tones underneath. The Paracas glyphs, many of which are human, are on slopes and are visible below, according to National Geographic.

"Most of these figures are warriors," said Peruvian archaeologist Luis Jaime Castillo Butters, co-discoverer of the new geoglyph, National Geographic said. "These could be spotted from a distance so people saw them, but over time they were completely erased."

The new discoveries were supported by satellite and drone recordings.

"Space Archaeologist" Sarah Parcak, a TED award winner, supports crowdsourcing research into the analysis of detailed satellite images of volunteers who are willing to search the images for looting or archaeological sites. People were asked to view satellite photos of Peru and mark potential locations or signs of looting, National Geographic reported. They found evidence on the grounds of old plunder sites from illegal gold mines.

Researchers who photographed the sites with drones were able to pick up clues to geoglyphs hewn into the ground, National Geographic reported. The drones, which fly at a height of 200 feet or less, could see objects on the ground that are less than a half-inch wide.

The newly discovered Lines are a UNESCO World Heritage Site, although they are not yet registered the Peruvian Ministry of Culture

In addition to the Greenpeace activists, the sites were damaged by a truck driver who used a road and some of the routes at the beginning of the year great anger from local authorities.

But Castillo Butters said that the biggest threat to sites in the intrusion into development and illegal housing is through fake acts, which he called "land trade".

"We do not fight with his shovel against a raider and run away you blow a pipe, we fight against an army of lawyers," he told National Geographic. "This is a constant struggle, so the work we do – site documentation, georeferencing – is the best protection we can give sites."

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