Vladimir Putin said in an interview that liberalism was "obsolete" before moving on to the G20 summit.
The Russian President said that the ideology that underpinned Western democracies for decades had "survived its purpose".
The Russian Prime Minister also praised the rise of populism in Europe and America, saying that ideas such as multiculturalism are "no longer tenable".
His comments came in a comprehensive interview with the Financial Times.
The play was released when world leaders began talks on trade and security in Japan.
"[Liberals] can not just dictate to anyone," said Putin, who has been president for nearly two decades.
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He added that liberalism contradicts "the interests of the vast majority of the population" and targeted Chancellor Angela Merkel to have a large number of refugees settle in Germany.
"This liberal idea requires that nothing be done, and migrants can kill, loot and rape with impunity, because their rights as migrants must be protected." Putin, 66, also said that Russia has "no problems with LGBT people … but some things seem exaggerated".
"They now claim that children can play five or six gender roles," he continued.
Let everyone be happy, we have no problem with your hat. However, this must not overshadow the culture, traditions and traditional family values of millions of people who make up the core population.
In addition to comments on liberalism, Putin also praised US President Donald Trump as a "talented person." Who Knows How to Deal With Voters
However, the Russian leader also said that American unilateralism was partly to blame for the ongoing trade war between China and the US and the tensions with Iran in the Strait of Hormuz.
EU President Donald Tusk, however, suggested Putin on Friday telling reporters that he is "strong [disagreed]" against liberalism.
"Those who claim that liberal democracy is outdated also claim that the freedoms are outdated, that the rule of law is outdated and that human rights are outdated," Mr Tusk.
"What I find out-of-date is authoritarianism, personality cult, the rule of the oligarchs, even if they sometimes seem effective," he added.