The fate of Jyoti Singh Pandey – commonly known as Nirbhaya, which means "fearless" in Hindi – attracted worldwide outrage and seemed for a while to be the catalyst that would force changes on a subject that had long plagued India Has.
But this effort has stalled.
On Sunday, a three-year-old girl was raped in New Delhi six years ago, since Singh was raped, beaten and left on the roadside to die.
The toddler's father found her unconscious in dirty clothes on the floor of her home. She is in stable condition in a local hospital. A 40-year-old guard, known as Ranjeet, is being investigated for the attack.
As awful as it is, observers believe that the girl's case is even more sorry for what she says about the broader topic ̵
About 100 sexual assaults are reported to the police every day in India, reports the National Crime Records Bureau. In 2016, there were nearly 39,000 alleged attacks – an increase of 12% over the previous year.
Ranjana Kumari, director of the Center for Social Research in Delhi. "So many promises were made, but women were disappointed."
In many cases, violence is related to long-standing caste and religious divisions.
Police arrested eight suspects, all Hindus. Investigators claim they planned to kidnap the girl in an attempt to persuade predominantly Muslim nomads to leave the region.
Following the case, the government introduced new laws that extend prison sentences and introduce the death penalty for the rape of girls under the age of 12.
"Punishment is often measured by a populist," Bajoria said. "There is a lack of systemic change and there is a constant demand for stricter punishments and laws that are already in place." What's missing is implementation. "
Failure of the Catalyst
The bus is still raping the collective memory of women in the Indian capital.
On the evening of December 16, 2012, the physical therapy student Singh left a movie theater in Delhi after seeing "Life of Pi" with a male friend.
. It was late, so the two boarded a private bus to drive to their suburban homes. According to the police, the driver and at least five other men – one of them was a minor at the time – were drunk and looking for a "joy".
The police said the men had taken turns raping the woman with an iron bar that injured her as the bus passed through the city for almost an hour. Her male companion was beaten when he tried to fend her off. When they finished, the men threw their two victims off the roadside.
Singh's injuries were so severe that some internal organs had to be removed. She died two weeks later at the hospital in Singapore.
The case made headlines worldwide. Hundreds of thousands of men and women took to the streets to protest against bad security, weak laws, a flawed and biased law enforcement system, and an overburdened judiciary.
One big change seemed to be just around the corner when officials covert laws against sexual assault and ensure that such a terrible incident can never happen again.
But there was never a change.
More to do
Bajoria said that the awareness created by the fall of 2012 and the indignation that triggered it have given some momentum. Many women found their voice in subsequent protests, and the trend continued as India expects broader issues of sexual discrimination and harassment.
"It has helped to break the silence, and today in 2018 we will see many more women and girls talking about it," she said. "The #Metoo movement has also shown us that. Women are ready to step into the public and talk about it."
However, while the penalties are getting tougher and getting the message crime is improved thanks to a greater awareness of sexual violence, experts say the underlying issues are not addressed.
"Despite strict laws, we could not control the crime," Kumari said. "The systemic changes did not happen."
Critics say that politicians too often chose to simply amend and amend laws without mastering the tougher challenge of cultural change, especially within a police that many women claim is ill-prepared for sensitive cases.
"There is a need for education that starts at the school level and in public office, enforcing laws on sexual harassment in the workplace – there is a lot of work to be done," said Bajoria.
"There is a need to change the way of thinking in a deeply patriarchal society."