Pollution is a major concern in most developed cities around the world. The latest report by the state of global aviation states that about 95 percent of the world's population is exposed to polluted air.
Contaminated air is defined as the air that contains fine particle contaminants at a level that exceeds global air quality guidelines. The effects of this polluted air are more likely to affect poor communities.
The United States Health Effects Institute (HEI) study indicates that the gap between the least polluted and the most polluted countries is widening every year.
Human health is affected by the increase in global pollution. According to HEI reports, there were approximately 6.1
Some of the worst and growing health problems associated with air pollution include lung cancer, heart attack, stroke and chronic lung disease. Air pollution has managed to take fourth place as it poses a deadly health hazard on Earth after high blood pressure, daily nutrition and smoking.
Air pollution causes a great burden on people's lives. Young and old will be daily visitors to the nearby hospital, miss work and school, cause mental stress and cause premature deaths.
While pollution is recorded in various areas, only outdoor pollution is included. But this time, HEI has included indoor air quality measurements and their studies.
This includes the pollution caused by the use of wood, coal and manure for domestic heating and cooking purposes. According to the 2016 records, indoor pollution is the cause of about 2.6 million deaths, which accounts for almost half of the total.
These values are not just pure interpretations and are based on real ground measurements, satellite measurements and other research and data resources. The countries most affected by air pollution are the Middle East, West Africa and North Africa.
The burning of solid fuels and dispersed mineral dust are the main causes of environmental pollution. In countries such as India and China, due to the growing population, the number of deaths caused by pollution is increasing.
The countries with the lowest levels of air pollution are Canada, Australia, Finland, Sweden and Iceland. Only 5 percent of the world's population able to breathe high-quality air is a serious and threatening situation.
It is high time that measures to reduce air pollution were taken worldwide. These measures should not be confined to large industries, but also to small households.
China has recently shut down 40 percent of its factories to curb rising environmental pressures. Similar or more important steps must also be taken by other countries to reduce levels of pollution.