The hurdles to the colonization of Mars are not limited to the tedious journey to the Red Planet. Once we get there, we also need to find a way to cope with the harmful health effects of too much radiation and too little gravity.
A recent Harvard University study published Thursday in Frontiers in Physiology suggests that the solution to some of our health problems on the Red Planet may be hiding in an unexpected manner Place: red wine.
The Harvard researchers already knew in their study that resveratrol, a compound contained in red wine, can maintain bone and muscle mass in weightless rats. So your goal was to find out if it can do the same in a low gravity environment like Mars.
To do so, they equipped 1
The researchers then fed half of the "Mars" rats and half of the "Earth" rats with resveratrol for 14 days, while the others received no supplements.
Rat Packing  When the researchers compared the four groups of rats, they found that the Mars rats, which did not receive the supplements, had weakened the strength of the front and rear paw grip. Her calf girth and muscle mass had also shrunk.
The Mars rats who received the dietary supplements, however, looked very similar to the Earth rats, which did not take Resveratrol. The only difference was that their calf circumference was getting smaller – suggesting that we should consider including resveratrol in the diet of our Mars-bound astronauts. Phys.org
More on Mars: Alarming research: weightlessness causes astronauts' brain to age faster