Yellowstone National Park is a popular place with a large number of tourists visiting every year. It is one of the key locations where researchers lead multiple researchers because of their outstanding properties. In the latest study by Professor William Inskeep and his team, they found the existence of a new form of archaea in the region that resembles the red planet in terms of chemistry. The research was published in the journal Natural Microbiology.
Archaea is one of the three realms of life on Earth and possibly other planets. Other domains include eukaryotes and complex organisms such as plants, humans, animals, etc. During research on the Yellow National Park, the researchers came across marshes, a new species of archaea named after the red planet Mars. Moreover, these archaea are present throughout the park in warm and polluted water with the main mineral of iron oxide as the main substance that helps them survive. The study confirms the presence of two subgroups, with one group in water at about 1
Inskeep further stated that it is fascinating how these organisms live in iron-rich habitat similar to the surface of Mars. He also noted that Masarchaeota (a newly found species of Archaea) does not produce iron oxide-like seeds, as these break down iron into a simpler form. These organisms live in microbial mats which are one layer of microbes on top of each other, which has a reddish color due to the presence of iron. Marsarchaeota needs less oxygen to carry out its processes while in the microbial mats, which surprisingly consist of several subgroups of organisms.
Inskeep has been reported: "The discovery of archaic lines is critical to our understanding of the universal tree of life and evolutionary history of the Earth." Geochemically diverse thermal environments in Yellowstone National Park offer unprecedented opportunities for the study of archaea in habitats, the analogies of the early Earth could represent, "he added. The results can help to gain insights into how life originated on Earth and how it can take place on other planets.