Rural Americans die more often from potentially preventable causes than their urban counterparts, a new government study shows.
These causes include cancer,injuries, respiratory disease and according to US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.
Between 2010 and 2017, rural districts experienced an increasing inequality in preventable deaths from cancer, heart disease, and respiratory disease compared to urban areas. This despite the fact that preventable cancer deaths in 2017 have dropped to less than 10% of all nationwide cancer deaths.
"We are encouraged to find that overall preventable cancer deaths have declined, but there is a persistent and conspicuous number The gap between rural and urban Americans for these and other major causes of death," said CDC Director Dr. Robert Redfield in a press release from the agency.
Theremained roughly the same for fatalities but narrowed for inadvertent injuries. Researchers said the decreasing gap for avoidable injuries was not due to improvements in rural areas. Instead, they attributed this to an increase in urban areas, largely due to the opioid crisis.
The CDC researchers used data from the National Vital Statistics System to calculate potentially preventable deaths in people under the age of 80 years.
The researchers were able to go beyond a distinction between urban and rural to finer categories. These included large urban areas, metropolitan areas, medium-sized subways, small subways, micropolitical areas and rural areas.
According to the report, the highest number of preventable deaths occurred in the southeastern United States.
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- Both in 2010 and 2017, 45% of heart disease deaths in rural areas were considered to be potentially preventable – compared to 24% in metropolitan areas in 2010 and 19% in 2017.
- In 2010, 61% of Deaths from unintentional injuries are potentially the most preventable rural districts, compared to 25% in the most urban ones. By 2017, this share increased to 64% in rural areas and 48% in urban areas.
- In 2017, 57% of rural deaths from chronic respiratory disease were potentially preventable, up from 54% in 2010. In 2010, it was 13% of most urban districts in 2017 and 23% in 2010.  In 2017, 38% of stroke deaths in rural districts were potentially preventable, compared to 42% in 2010. In large suburbs of the subway, 23% were potentially preventable in 2010 and 17% in 2017.
Closing The gaps begin with the realization that people in rural areas tend to be older and sicker than people in cities, according to the CDC. Compared to urban dwellers, Americans smoke more often in the countryside, have a higher obesity rate, report less physical activity in their free time and are less likely to dress while driving.
They are also poorer, have less access to medical care, and suffer from being overweight are less likely to have health insurance.
To counteract these problems, the CDC called on service providers in rural areas to make blood pressure and cancer screening a priority. The agency also called on rural people to become more active, eat healthier, lose weight, stop smoking and put on safety belts.
Researchers added that doctors should be more careful when prescribing opioids.
The report was published in November 8 in the weekly report of the CDC on Morbidity and Mortality .