The first land that landed a spaceship on the Moon, and the only land since the 1970s that has joined together to make a moon return.
In 1966, the Soviet Union made the first soft moon landing during the Luna 9 mission which sent the first images of the lunar surface back to Earth. The country has spent a decade exploring the lunar surface, but has not returned since 1976.
Russia is now working with China's modern Lunar Power Plant, the only country that has successfully landed on the moon in the past one or four decades. In January, the Chang'e 4 Lander and the Yutu 2 Rover were the first robots to be deployed on the other side of the Moon as part of China's recent Lunar Mission.
Chang & # 39; e 4 in pictures: China's mission to the far side of the moon
China has a ambitious lunar plan with four planned future missions.
Chang & # 5; e will be launched next year and will be China's first sample return mission. Chang'e 6 will pick a sample from the Moon's South Pole in 2023, and Chang'e 7 will explore this region in detail. Another mission will make progress on China's long-term goal of establishing a scientific base on the moon.
Russia's moon plans are on a different schedule to take into account the country's long lunar visit. The head of the Roscosmos space agency, Dmitry Rogozin, recently went through these plans and cited a 2024 orbiter, a 2028 sample return mission, and human flights in 2029 or 2030.
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They also agreed that China's Chang & # 7's Lander and a Russian orbiter named Luna 26 should work together. Luna 26 helps Chang & # 7; e find a safe landing site. Each spacecraft may also carry scientific instruments from the other country, provided that a scientific analysis has shown that this is an advantage. . On the other hand, Russia recently fought hiccups in its manned space program . Only then can astronauts reach the International Space Station.
Last fall, a small but well-regarded company Loch in a docked Soyuz capsule led to persistent speculation, and a missile anomaly during a team launch caused two astronauts to sink back to Earth , Last month, the first unscrewed Soyuz capsule had trouble docking autonomously at the station.