Marc Miskin, Assistant Professor of Electrical Engineering and Systems Engineering at the University of Pennsylvania, developed nanofabrication techniques with his colleagues, professors Itai Cohen and Paul McEuen, and researcher Alejandro Cortese during postdoctoral research at Cornell University. Over the past few years, they have developed a way to turn a four-inch specialized silicon wafer into a million tiny robots in just a few weeks, as a remarkable video clip shows, where they can be moved under a microscope. Professor Miskin told Express.co.uk, "The era of nanotechnology is now here to some extent – that's the true deal."
"The silicon industry has miniaturized everything, and that's the next step. "
As a result, he and his colleagues were able to manipulate matter at the molecular level, and with the sophisticated tools available to him, Marc needs two to three weeks to make one million miniature automata.
Each robot has four Legs that are only 100 atoms thick and formed from a bilayer of platinum and titanium or, alternatively, graphene.
The researchers throw a laser at one Solar cell of a robot to power it.
This causes the platinum in the leg to expand, while the titanium remains rigid and the limbs bend
The robot's gear is generated because each solar cell causes the alternate contraction or relaxation of the front or hind legs.
Prof Miskin added, "Every single cell le is about three to five times the size of a human hair.
"You can fit a million of them on a four-inch silicon wafer. It is pretty incredible.
"The legs are really strong. Each robot carries a body that is 1,000 times thicker and weighs about 8,000 times more than any leg. "
As an electrical engineering specialist, Miskin will not be directly responsible for the development of potential applications for the new technology, but given that, if injected with a syringe, the potential implications for future surgical techniques are obvious.
For example, they could be used to deliver drugs or to map the human brain.
He also beat billionaire entrepreneur Elon before musk, who is currently planning a colony on Mars, might be interested in them and said, "It has been suggested that the big problem with robots is their size, and that instead they are really small what could contribute to space exploration. " [19659002TherewasalsothepotentialbenefitoftheRenewableEnergyProfMisks
robots could be used as "janitors" for lithium batteries to prevent them from going off, thereby significantly extending their lives.
He said, "The really exciting thing is that we have not reached its limits – we can really push this stuff further.
" Fifty Years ago, computers were the size of a tabletop Now we can bring 100 million of these robots to you. "