Scientists believe that a new "Super Earth" plan – six times larger than our own – may turn the nearest star around our Sun – but it would be too cold for life to exist
- Astronomers say that they may have discovered a second planet around Proxima Centauri, the nearest neighbor star of our solar system
- The existence of the planet remains unconfirmed, for now
- Proxima c is referred to as "Super Earth". It would be a so-called super earth
- It is probably also a cool, inhospitable place.
- The planet is about 1
Scientists believe they may have discovered a new planet orbiting the star closest to our Sun.
It is possible that two planets orbit a small red dwarf, called Proxima Centauri, about 4.24 light-years away.
& # 39; We are pleased to show you for the first time what we consider to be a new candidate planet around Proxima, which we call Proxima c: & # 39; Mario Damasso of Italy The Observatory of Turin was announced on Friday during the conference "Breakthrough Discuss 2019".
The artist's impression shows a glimpse of the surface of the planet Proxima, orbiting the red dwarf star Proxima Centauri, which belongs to our star at next is solar system. However, it is believed that a second planet, Proxima c, is also in orbit around Proxima Centauri
Scientist already knew about the first planet, Proxima Centauri b (blue orbit), but believed that a second planet orbited the star and was called Proxima Centauri c (red orbit)
"It's just a candidate" says Damasso. "This is very important to underline."
If there is a planet orbiting the star, it would be at least six times larger than the Earth – this would give the title of Super Earth.
Orbit's orbit would take approximately 1,900 days to orbit around the star. This would also mean that the planet's average surface temperature would be far too cold for liquid water.
Three years ago scientists were able to discover the first known planet orbiting Proxima Centauri.
A diagram of star systems closest to the sun. Two exoplanets may circle around the nearest star, the red dwarf Proxima Centauri, which is about 4.24 light-years away. It would not be in the habitable zone where water is liquid
. The orbital plan of Proxima Centauri shows its position on Alpha Centauri over the coming millennia (grades are in thousands.) Of years). The large number of background stars is due to the fact that Proxima Cen is very close to the Milky Way plane
. They described how the planet Proxima Centauri b seemed to be 1.3 times the size of the earth and possibly warm enough for life.
The scientists seemed to notice this new second planet only after reviewing the data from the first discovery.
The information that discovered Proxima b was processed slightly differently. Over the course of one and a half years more new measurements have been added.
She gave the team data on the star of Proxima Centauri over 17 years and found that there could be a second planet region.
The impression of this artist shows the planet Proxima b orbiting the red dwarf star Proxima Centauri, the star closest to the solar system. The existence of a second planet is not yet confirmed,
"This discovery is very difficult," said Fabio Del Sordo from the University of Crete to National Geographic. "We've often wondered if this is a real planet. But for sure, even if this planet is an airlock, we should continue working to create even stronger foundations. & # 39;
The scientists plan to continue gathering data about the star and further investigating the star and its intergalactic environment.
They believe the planet may become even more complete with the development of future telescopes.
"This is truly an amazing, amazing result – I hope it will withstand the next few scientific research months and years," said Rene Heller of the Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research during the "Breakthrough Discuss" conference.