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Scientists develop new method for studying early life in ancient rocks



 Scientists develop new method for studying early life in ancient rocks
This 2.1
-billion-year-old sediment from a clay formation in Gabon has high concentrations of potassium, which could have been caused by ancient microbes, according to new research. Credit: Abder El Albani
            

Scientists have developed a new method for detecting primordial life in ancient rock formations using potassium.
                                               

The method relies on the study of high concentrations of potassium in ancient sedimentary rocks, rather than traditional methods that look for carbon, sulfur or nitrogen-which can appear in ancient rocks through processes unrelated to ancient life.

"Explained University of Alberta microbiologist and geochemist Kurt Konhauser, who was a co-author on the study.

The study studied clay particles from the Francevillian formation located in Gabon, on the west coast of central Africa. The 2.1-billion-year-old formation hosts well-preserved microfossils in clay.

"In our quest to find evidence of early life on Earth, we have just finished looking at a number of signatures that have all proven ambiguous because, unfortunately, the signatures can be explained by both bacterial and abiotic processes," explained Konhauser.

"Our results indicate that there is a different signature-potassium-istering a more unique tracer, as it could have been created through the metabolism of living bacteria."

The research was led by Jérémie Aubineau and Abder El Albani from the University of Poitiers in France.

The study, "Microbially Induced Potassium Enrichment in Paleoproterozoic Shales and Implications for Reverse Weathering on Early Earth," was published in Nature Communications .
                                                                                                                        


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More information:
Jérémie Aubineau et al. Microbially induced potassium enrichment in paleoproterozoic shales and implications for reverse weathering on early Earth, Nature Communications (2019). DOI: 10.1038 / s41467-019-10620-3

Provided by
University of Alberta




Citation :
                                                 Scientists develop new method for studying early life in ancient rocks (2019, July 4)
                                                 retrieved 5 July 2019
                                                 from https://phys.org/news/2019-07-scientists-method-early-life-ancient.html
                                            

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