A team of New York University physicists has discovered a brand new type of magnet that is different from all known ones. It was called a "singlet-based magnet" and was found in a compound of uranium and antimony called USb2. Since it can quickly and easily switch between magnetized and non-magnetized states, it can improve the data storage functions in computers.  In typical magnets, a magnetic force is generated when electrons, which normally point their own magnetic fields in random directions, are aligned, resulting in a single combined strong field. The scientists found that the electrons in USb2 can produce "spin excitons" or special particles that can temporarily form and form an aligned magnetic field when they adhere to each other, or singlet-based magnetism.
With their recent research published in the journal Nature Communications physicists have proven that singlet-based magnets can exist in stable environments outside the experimental environments where they were previously observed at lightning speed.
To enhance these magnets of computer and data storage, New York's leading researcher Andrew Wray explains:
"Today, much research is being done on the use of magnets and magnetism to improve data storage technologies. Singlet-based magnets should have a sudden transition between magnetic and non-magnetic phases. You do not have to do so much so that the material switches between non-magnetic and strong magnetic states, which can be beneficial for power consumption and switching speed in a computer. "