According to a study, almost 2,000,000 new virus species lurk in the depths of the oceans. The amazing new finding was made during a pole-to-pole expedition conducted to study marine life.
The new finding is said to be so significant that researchers had previously discovered only 15,000 types of viruses in the ocean. Experts believe that the new insight could help people to learn more about the evolution of life on the planet, and it will also reveal more details about the potential consequences of climate change.
Scientists came to this conclusion after analyzing samples collected between 2009 and 2013 from a crew on board, Tara, a ship that spent years exploring oceans.
"Viruses are these tiny things you can not even see, but because they are so abundant, they are really important. We have developed a distribution map for those who want to investigate how viruses affect the ecosystem "There are many things that have surprised us about our results," said Matthew Sullivan, microbiologist at Ohio State University, Eurekalert.org reports.
After their discovery, despite their complexity, the researchers also split the viruses into five distinct ecological zones ̵
Interestingly, the Arctic Ocean, where scientists did not expect biodiversity, proved to be a hotspot of life, and this intriguing discovery shows that oceans are a mysterious world that needs much exploration in the future. 19659002] "A new map of where these viruses are located can help us to understand this" carbon pump for oceans "and, more broadly, biogeochemistry that affects the planet.Other ecosystem models of the oceans have often ignored microbes and Viruses rarely included, but now we know they are a crucial component, Sullivan added.
These new findings have been published in the Journal Cell.
A few weeks ago researchers from the Hong Kong University of Science and Technology (HKUST) had discovered more than 7,000 new marine species from the oceans of the Pacific, Atlantic and Indian oceans, and the researchers revealed that this discovery could provide new understanding of the understanding of microbial biodiversity in the oceans.