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Home / Science / Scientists find previously unknown coral reef in deep water near the coast of South Carolina

Scientists find previously unknown coral reef in deep water near the coast of South Carolina



Photo of a yellow glass sponge found in the southeastern United States. Scientists have discovered coral reef off the coast of Charleston, South Carolina. In one project, researchers dived half a mile under water to find a thriving life in the deep sea. ( NOAA )

Just off the coast of Charleston, South Carolina, scientists have discovered an incredible extent of the deep-sea coral reef system.

Experts from the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA), the Bureau of Ocean Energy Management, and the US Geological Survey have teamed to explore the ocean off the coast of Virginia to Georgia. The project was called Deep Search in 201

8 and was launched to learn about the deep-sea ecosystem.

From 19 August to 2 September, researchers will embark on the R / V Atlantis to learn more about deep-sea habitats in the central and southern Atlantic Ocean

The Southern United States Deep-Sea Coral Reefs

Last week's dive Researchers half a mile underwater off the coast of Charleston found "mountains" of coral reefs, mostly Lophelia, a stony coral that thrives in the deep sea. Based on sonar mapping of the seafloor, researchers believe that the reef extends for at least 85 miles

However, the researchers did not expect to find the coral reef system in the area. Lophelia was spotted off the coast from Florida to North Carolina, but his existence in the US South Atlantic was still a surprise.

The presence of the reef was confirmed after researchers climbed the Alvin, a submersible, last week. When they surfaced after eight hours of exploration, researchers returned a basket of coral species such as Lophelia, Enallopsa, Madrepora, and Octocorals, NOAA reports.

The coral reefs provide a habitat for the diverse community of fish and vertebrates of the US South Atlantic. In addition, the deepsea system also plays a role in providing the region's ecosystem with interaction with the fish that migrate from the surface and recycle nutrients for organic matter from the shallow waters to provide food for its community.

That's a huge feature, "said Erik Cordes, a scientist involved in the project," It's unbelievable that it was hidden from the East Coast of the US for so long. "

The existence of coral reefs and

However, the coral reefs in the Atlantic and the lives it supports could be in danger President Donald J. Trump recently proposed to lift the ban that prevents offshore drilling

The Commander in Chief wants up to 90 More than 140 municipalities have publicly rejected the plan.

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