Over the Jupiter atmosphere strong jet streams flow from west to east. The region appears chaotic and complex in the face of the swirling cloud formations. These clouds are believed to consist of ammonia and are carried by jet streams to Jupiter's colored bands of white, red, orange, brown and yellow.
Jupiter's colored ribbons are clearly visible to the ground and space-based telescope. However, much less was known about the region below – until now.
"We know a lot about the jet streams in the Earth's atmosphere and the key role they play in weather and climate, but we still have much to learn about Jupiter's atmosphere," said Dr. Navid Constantinou from the Australian National University.
"Scientists have long debated how deep the jet streams reach beneath the surface of Jupiter and other gas giants, and why they do not appear inside the Sun."
Recent data from NASA's Juno mission to Jupiter collected, suggest that jet streams reach up to 3,000 kilometers below Jupiter's clouds and are likely to be suppressed by strong magnetic fields.
Jupiter has the most intense planetary magnetic field in the solar system Strictly speaking, the magnetic field of Jupiter is 1
"There are no continents and mountains below the Jupiter atmosphere to block the path of the jet streams," said co-researcher Dr. Jeffrey Parker from the Livermore National Laboratory. 19659003] "This makes the jet streams easier on Jupiter, by studying Jupiter, we not only decode the mysteries inside the gas giant, but can also use Jupiter as a laboratory to study how atmospheric currents generally work."