A coalition of environmental groups in the Netherlands said on Tuesday it will hand over a court complaint if Shell does not change its business model to comply with the Paris Climate Agreement.
The oil giant was threatened with a lawsuit last year for the first time by a Dutch branch of Friends of the Earth. Greenpeace and ActionAid joined the initiative along with four other groups on Tuesday.
The company has no concrete plans to align its business strategy with the commitments contained in the agreement, "said Joris Thijssen, director of Greenpeace Netherlands, in a statement.
The group's alleged threat of action would be to declare that Shell had failed responsible for its contribution to climate change and related environmental damage.
Activists hope for a court of law which will force Shell to make a major switch to renewable energy.  In the last year Shell rejected Friends of the Earth's request for changes to its business. On Tuesday, he said legal action would not make the change desired by activists.
"The tying of individual companies in a lengthy legal process can not replace policies that encourage all businesses and consumers to lower CO2 emissions," the company said in a statement.
Major oil producers, including Shell, are under increasing pressure from consumers and shareholders on their role in climate change.