Sunday: Tonight the International Space Station makes a high pass through the sky. It starts in the west-southwest at 9:09 clock. When the space station reaches its highest point three minutes later, it is near the top of the handle in the Big Dipper, 66 degrees above the northwest horizon. The spacecraft will remain bright when moving northeast and at 21:15. it is 10 degrees above the northeastern horizon.
Monday: Tonight, Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn are all in the sky at the same time, though you'll probably only miss seeing them at the same time. Venus in the west, Jupiter in the south-southwest and Saturn in the southeast are easily recognizable around 9:30 am. Mercury and Mars are the challenges. Mercury just goes up as Mars ascends, so both planets are very deep in the sky.
Tuesday: Tonight is the broad moon near Saturn. At 9:30 am Both objects are located in the southeastern sky. The two objects are separated by about 2 degrees, and this separation will remain approximately the same throughout the night.
Wednesday: This week we may have a small pardon from last week's heat wave. This period is often referred to as the dog days of the summer. This idea comes from the ancient Egyptians and Romans. During the summer months, Sirius, the dog star, was in contact with the sun, and it was believed that the additional light from Sirius made it hotter in time just before and just after the conjunction.
Thursday: Tomorrow, Mars reaches opposition to the Sun and Earth, so that he appears near his brightest and greatest. The planet is easily recognizable in the eastern sky with its characteristic color. When you look at Mars with a telescope, it appears larger than the disk of Saturn.
Friday: The full moon occurs at 1
Saturday: Near the overhead elevation at 10 o'clock. You can find the constellation of Hercules. Hercules resembles the constellation Orion, but has only two stars along the belt instead of three – and Hercules is not as bright as Orion, but still recognizable. In Hercules there is an interesting double star, known as Rasalgethi, located above its head. The star appears reddish-orange, but a second companion star is visible through a telescope with at least a hundredfold magnification. Depending on your vision, the secondary star may vary in color from yellow to white.