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Home / Health / Some years later, on-screen time for toddlers is bound to be worse, according to the study

Some years later, on-screen time for toddlers is bound to be worse, according to the study



Development involves growth in communication, motor skills, problem solving and personal social skills, based on a screening tool called Ages and Stages Questionnaire. Signs of such a development can be identified by behaviors, such as being able to stack a small block or a toy on top of another.
"On average, the children in our study looked at screens two to three hours a day, which means that the majority of the children in our sample did not exceed pediatric guidelines by more than one hour of high-quality programs a day," said Sheri Madigan, assistant professor Research Professor for Determinants of Child Development at the University of Calgary was the lead author of the study.

"Increased screen time at the age of 2 and 3 was associated with delays in achieving development milestones at ages 3 and 5, respectively," she said. "This study shows that over-use screen time can have consequences for children's development, and parents can think of screens as if they give junk food to their children: in small doses, that's fine, but in excess Follow. "

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For older children, parents are encouraged to develop personalized media plans for their children, but the American Academy of Pediatrics notes that all children and adolescents need at least eight hours of sleep, one hour of physical activity, and daily media time.
A separate report, published in 2017 by the non-profit organization Common Sense Media, found that children under the age of 8 spend an average of two hours and 19 minutes per day on screen media.
Most children of all ages in the United States spend a total of about five to seven hours a day in front of a television screen, including watching television, working on computers, or video games, according to the US National Library of Medicine.
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The new study included data on 2,441 Mothers and children in Canada. The mothers were recruited for the study during their pregnancy between 2008 and 2010, and data were collected between 2011 and 2016.

For each child of the study, the mother completed questionnaires that related to the child's performance in developmental tests at age 24 years 36 and 60 months. Mothers also reported the length of time their children spent on VDUs on a typical day of the week and at weekends.

The researchers found that a longer screen time at 24 months was associated with poorer performance in developmental tests after 36 months and a larger screen. The time after 36 months was associated with lower scores on screening tests at development after 60 months ,

Although the researchers did not numerically examine the relationship between screen time and developmental outcomes, they found "a stable association" between screen time and screening for children test scores that, according to the study, were not considered by other factors.

  Little evidence suggests that screen time is harmful to children, say Doctors

The average screen duration for children aged 24, 36 and 60 months in the study was about 2.4, 3.6 and 1.6 hours per day who found research of hers.

"To our knowledge, the present study is the first to demonstrate a direct correlation between screening time and poor performance in screening tests in development in very young children," the researchers write.

The study had some limitations, including the fact that some of the data was reported by the mothers themselves and that devices can evolve rapidly over time, which can affect screen time.

The first evaluations of the children in the study were done after 24 months. Evaluations starting after 12 or 18 months could have resulted in more data.

Most importantly, just because a correlation has been found between excessive screen time and poorer child development, this does not mean that excessive screen time will cause worse development.

"Our study identifies a connection between two things and this does not mean that this is the case one causes the other," said Madigan.

The new study sheds light on how technology affects individual adolescents over time, "but the increase in screen time observed here indicates between 0.36% and 0.64% of the variability of the decline in development. This means That more than 99% of the children's developmental pathways studied here have nothing to do with screens, "said Andrew Przybylski, associate professor and research director at the Oxford Internet Institute of the University of Oxford, in a written statement from the independent Science Media Center on Monday.

"The conclusions are too strong for the method used," said Przybylski, who was not involved in the study.

"Many of these studies are well done, which is good in a field of research where many studies are poorly performed, but there are enormous limitations to the practical implications of the work," he said, adding that it was too early say that "limiting screen time alone will meaningfully improve children's development outcomes."
Several important factors could help explain the links between higher screen time and poorer performance in development screening, said Douglas Gentile, a psychology professor at Iowa State University who was not involved in the new research, however investigated the impact of media use on children.

"It is noteworthy that the screen already reduced the sleep of both children even at this early stage. The age and reduced reading of children to children, which we know to be a strong predictor of positive child outcomes, like one higher IQ, "said Gentile, who described the new study as" strong "and" well-managed. "[19659023] The American Academy of Pediatrics provides guidelines that help families manage children's screen time. These guidelines include avoiding digital media for infants under 18 to 24 months old, with the exception of video chat.

Overall, "the good news is that screen time can be controlled by parents," Gentile said. "In other studies, we found that if parents limit the amount and content of child screen media, it is a strong protective factor for a wide range of child health and wellness indicators."


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