SEOUL – Nothing is left to chance when Kim Jong Un, as the first North Korean leader, crosses the military demarcation line that has divided this peninsula since the end of the Korean War in 1953.
President The Moon Jae-in government is pulling out all the stops to create the most favorable environment for an inter-Korean summit, hopefully not only ushering in a new era of engagement between the estranged neighbors, but also paving the way for a fruitful one Paving the way for the future Meeting between Kim and President Trump
The style and substance of Friday's summit were carefully choreographed. Shortly after 1
The 34-year-old will then go to the military demarcation line, represented at this point by a representative of Betonkandare, where Moon will be waiting for him. The moment when the men meet and shake hands on this line will be broadcast live around the world – another premiere.
Then they will be sitting in the newly renovated Peace House exactly 2018 millimeters apart from Korea Summit, "South Korean presidential candidate Blue House said. (That's about 79 and seven-sixteenths of an inch.) They'll sit over a table like that
North Korean soldiers stand on the north side of the ceasefire village of Panmunjom, in front of the South Korea and US controlled "Freedom House" in the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ) on November 30 2016 North and South Korea split. (1965-19008) Korea Republic Army soldier Corporal Woo poses for a portrait in front of the military demarcation line in the Panmunjom ceasefire village in the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), which separates North and South Korea on 2 June 2017. (Ed Jones / AFP / Getty Images)
Three items are on the agenda on Friday: Denuclearization; Creation of a peace regime and improvement of inter-Korean relations. The second and third points have already been negotiated and the results agreed, according to local media reports.
Moon will propose the opening of an inter-Korean liaison office and set up a joint committee to promote political, military and economic exchanges, the left-wing Hankyoreh reported.
But for denuclearization, the most difficult issue, and one of interest to the United States, the discussion is directly led by the two leaders, the right-wing Chosun Ilbo reported, citing an unnamed Blue House representative.
After their meeting, the leaders will have dinner in a purpose-built banquet hall at the Peace House. As with the furniture, each dish has a meaning. They will even serve potato rösti, based on Kim's teenage years in Switzerland.
This is not the first inter-Korean summit, but it is the first that South Korea has hosted.
Kim Dae-jung, Patriarch of the South Korean Progress Movement, traveled to Pyongyang in 2000 to meet former leader Kim Jong Il, father of the current leader. For his efforts, he was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize, although the event was clouded when it turned out that the South had paid $ 500 million for the participation of the North.
Raw Moo-hyun followed in 2007, traveled to Pyongyang and met Kim Jong Il. At this time, Moon was Rohs' chief of staff and head of the Summit Preparatory Committee. It was Moons idea to paint a yellow line across the street to show the exact moment Roh invaded North Korea.
Now, Moon, the third in progressive triple precision, will have its own peak, this time with Kim Jong Un, the third generation leader of the authoritarian dynasty of North Korea. This time, however, it will take place in the southern part of the Demilitarized Zone, the 2.5-mile buffer strip between the two Koreas.
"South Korean presidents have invaded the North, so the process will be the same, but this is a special occasion, because it's the first time a North Korean leader has crossed the DMZ," said Han Yong-sup, a professor the National Defense University in South Korea. "It's historical."
Analysts wonder if the South Korean military will form an honor guard to greet Kim Jong Un as he crosses the border into South Korea, just as North Korean soldiers greeted Kim Dae-jung and Roh Moo-hyun when they arrived in Pyongyang ,
This kind of welcome – the legitimacy of Kim Jong Un – would lead to widespread heartburn in Washington and Tokyo.
However, the summit was held in what Bill Clinton once called "the scariest place in the world" has special security situations – and those that affect the US military.
The South Korean side of the Joint The Security Zone is controlled by United Nations Command because the United Nations – represented by the United States – signed the ceasefire in 1953 that ended the Korean War.
That means General Vincent Brooks, Commander of both The US forces in Korea and the UN command are therefore theoretically responsible for Kim's security while standing on the southern side of the line.
"An American commander, the United States President, a" commander of the United Nations Command, is outside American law and responsible for Kim's safe return to the DPRK, "said Peter Hayes, executive director of the Nautilus Institute for Security and Sustainability in San Francisco.
US President Donald Trump shakes hands with Commander of the US Forces, General Vincent Brooks, on November 7, 2017, at the 8th Army Operations Center at Camp Humphreys in Pyeongtaek, south of Seoul. (19659029) Brooks and the UN command team "have worked closely with the ROK government and in particular the Blue House on creating the conditions for a successful summit on Friday," said Chad Carroll, spokesman for the US armed forces Korea and the UN
Command and control and reporting in the media, Carroll said.
It's not just that Kim Jon Crossing the border into South Korea – it's also about who he brings.
The 34-year-old leader will be accompanied by bodyguards from the Guard Command, a branch of the Korean People's Army, and the Pyongyang Defense Command.
"Guards accompanying Kim Jong Un are technically soldiers," said Lee Ho-ryung, head of North Korean Studies at the Korea Institute for Defense Analyzes. As such, some, if not all, will be armed.
North Korean soldiers were unable to penetrate south after a 1976 ax-murder when North Koreans killed two American soldiers who cut down a blocked tree.
Coincidentally, Moon served with South Korean special forces in the DMZ during this incident.
But probably other special arrangements for Kim – and his bodily functions.
"Instead of using a public restroom, the leader of North Korea has a personal restroom that follows him on his journey," said Lee Yun-keol, who worked in a North Korean watchkeeping unit before joining South Korea in 2005 ,
"The leader's excretions contain information about his health so they can not be left behind," Lee said.
Another consideration: Kim Jong Un is a heavy smoker. Will he light up in the conference room? Or will the South Korean government create a special smoking place for him?
Tourists visit the Dora Observatory overlooking the Demilitarized Zone (DMZ), which separates North and South Korea on August 1, 2017. (Ed Jones / AFP / Getty Images)  All this information will be useful to the United States as they prepare for Trump's own summit with Kim, which is expected to take place in late May or early June.
"Every time we have the opportunity to be in the same room or in the same environment as Kim Jong Un and its surroundings is definitely an opportunity to gather information," said Frank Aum, a former North Korean consultant at the Pentagon. now at the US Institute of Peace.
South Korea's president is expected to travel to Washington in mid-May to brief Trump on the meeting. National Security Advisor John Bolton and his South Korean counterpart Chung Eui-yong met in Washington on Tuesday to discuss this summit.
The location has not yet been decided, but South Korea's newly renovated Peace House is one of the options.
Min Joo Kim contributed to the report.