Based on the beginnings of the space age, a Russian Soyuz rocket appeared in a hangar at the Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan before a sunrise on Saturday. The space base in Central Asia was on its way to becoming an International on Monday with a US-Russian-Canadian crew Space Station positioned.
The Soyuz-FG rocket drives to the same starting point used in Yuri Gagarin's historic First Journey into Space In 1
But for the first time since 1984, a Soyuz carrier with a crew capsule rolled over to return to service the venerable Russian spaceship after a rocket failure. In this case, the Soyuz returned to the ground in September 1983 after an emergency crash on the ground, which was triggered to bring two Soviet cosmonauts to safety after their Soyuz rocket caught fire during the last countdown. On Saturday, Russian technicians deployed the Soyuz rocket for the crew's first launch since the launch of the first crew, after a failed boost on October 11, interrupting the trip of Russian commander Alexey Ovchinin and NASA flight engineer Nick Hague into orbit. to track the International Space Station. Ovchinin and The Hague safely landed a few hundred miles from Baikonur, and Russian investigators said they had attributed the failure to deformation in a sensor component of the separation system for the four first-stage boosters of the Soyuz rocket.
One of the boosters failed to separate clearly two minutes after taking off, causing the Soyuz computer to trigger an automatic kill. Escape missiles pushed the capsule that carried Ovchinin and Haag away from the crumbling rocket, and the crew briefly hit 6.7 G as they slowed to earth during their fall back before slipping into the steppes of Kazakhstan.
Soyuz rockets have successfully fired four since the start of October 11, most recently on November 16, when a Soyuz-FG rocket – the same variant used for crew missions – launched an automated supply ship on its way to the United States Space station carried into the air.
With a four- to four-record in the last six weeks. The Soyuz rocket is expected to continue at 6:31 pm EST (1131 GMT; 17:31 Baikonur time) with the crew's launch.
The Coming Crew The launch was postponed from December 20th after the October launch failed to ensure that they launch before the station's current three-man crew has to return to Earth, and to reduce the time in which the surrounding research outpost has only three inhabitants on board – not the normal complement of six persons.
The three-man crew of the Soyuz MS-11 probe is led by Oleg Kononenko, a Turkmen-born Russian cosmonaut who had previously worked as an engineer and designer in the Russian space program. Kononenko, 54, was in 2008, 2011/2012 and flew on three space station expeditions in 2015 and had 533 days in space.
Kononenko will occupy the center seat of the Soyuz probe MS-11 during launch and docking at the station. To the left of it is the astronaut of the Canadian Space Agency David Saint-Jacques, the co-pilot. NASA astronaut Anne McClain will serve as the second flight engineer on the right seat of the Soyuz capsule. Both start their first space missions.
Saint-Jacques, 48, is from Saint-Lambert, Quebec, who has a bachelor's degree in engineering physics from [ÉcolepolytechniquedeMontréal in Canada. He has a Ph.D. in astrophysics from the University of Cambridge in the United Kingdom and a medical degree from the Université Laval in Canada. In the development of adaptive optics and interferometry systems for telescopes and radiological equipment for a hospital in France. Saint-Jacques worked as a doctor in an Inuit community in Hudson Bay when he was selected in 2009 by the Canadian Space Agency as an astronaut candidate.
McClain is a 39-year-old Colonel of the US Army and a former combat helicopter pilot who served in Operation Iraqi Freedom. A native of Spokane, Washington, McClain received a bachelor's degree in engineering / aerospace engineering from the US Military Academy at West Point, as well as a master's degree in aerospace engineering from the University of Bath and a master's degree in International Relations from the University of Bristol, both in England. NASA selected McClain 2013 as an astronaut candidate.
Kononenko, Saint-Jacques and McClain will take a six-hour flight to the space station, ending in automated docking with the Poisk module at 12:36 in the morning. EST (1736 GMT) Monday, when they meet with three other ward members to return to Earth on December 20th.
The photos below show the rollout of the Soyuz rocket at the Baikonur Cosmodome on Saturday.