MIAMI – The United States has vowed to send the first humans to Mars in the 2030s, but space experts and lawmakers expressed their concern on Wednesday that poor planning and lack of money will delay these intentions.
For the first time since the Apollo missions in the 1960s and 1970s, President Donald Trump has propagated the goal of sending the Americans to the moon and building a moon gate to test the technology and spacecraft that carry humans to Mars become.
At a Washington Hearing Senator Bill Nelson said the White House's decision to return to the Moon – a program that President Barack Obama had called to focus on Mars ̵
"We do not want to rob NASA's budget of whats the goal, and the goal is to get people to Mars with humans," said Nelson, a Democrat from Florida, home of Cape Canaveral and Kennedy Space Center.
"Do these missions help us reach our destination? Uman to Mars?" He asked.
In 2009, an independent expert group known as the Augustine Commission warned that NASA's resources were not in line with their high targets.
With an annual budget of approximately $ 18 billion, NASA would receive more than $ 3 billion a year to travel to Mars, they found.
NASA officials said earlier this year that they are trying to create a much less space program using only inflation-related fiscal gains. 19659002] And the National Academies of Science have calculated that if NASA's budget continues on its current path, "the scenario of getting to Mars in the 2030s will be forgotten, and it would take us by 2050," Nelson added ,
"I do not think we want to wait that long."
In 2017, NASA's Congressional approval of NASA required a step to be defined and delivered to Congress -plan for the achievement of Mars ,
"We do not have this road map yet, it's seven months overdue," Nelson said.
"What's up, let's look at the program to go to Mars and see where all the other fits in."
Chris Carberry, CEO of Explore Mars, said at the hearing, international and private partnerships could help the US make it more affordable to reach Mars.
"Our international partners want us to lead," he told lawmakers.
"But they are concerned that we are changing direction, they are not sure we will stay in the right direction."
More than that, space experts have identified about a dozen technologies that we need to start immediately "If we hope to land people on Mars in the 2030s," Carberry added.
These include the development of spacecraft that can survive the hard entry into Mars and land gently enough, as well as the ability "Taking people off the surface and returning to Earth."
"It'll take a while to reach," Carberry said. "We have to start working on them now."
Senator Ted Cruz, a Republican who heads the Senate Subcommittee on Space, hopes Congress's next NASA funding proposal will be a long-term perspective, rather than going year after year.
"This next NASA approval, the hope is that things will continue and bolder in its aspirations," he said.
Cruz then asked retired NASA astronaut Peggy Whitson, who has spent a 665-day US record in space, for her vision of what is needed in the future.
"The most important thing is the consistency of purpose," she replied.
"We must have a vision that takes more than one administration, and we must have a budget line that supports those goals we want to achieve."