(CNN) – Here's a look at human space flight programs in the United States and around the world.
Facts: The United States ended its human space flight program with the launch of Atlantis on July 8, 2011, and landing on July 21
China and Russia are the only other countries that have independent space flight capabilities.
India and Iran have both announced their plans to send a manned spacecraft into space.
Timeline: October 4, 1957 – The Soviet Union launches Sputnik I, the first artificial satellite to launch the "Space Race" between the Soviets and the United States.
Oct. 1, 1958 – The official launch of NASA
25. May 1961 – President John F. Kennedy speaks before the congress: "First, I believe that this nation should commit to achieving the goal before this decade is over to land a man on the moon and bring him safely back to earth "Not a single space project at this time will be more impressive to humanity or more important for long-term space exploration, and none will be so difficult or expensive to achieve."
1958-1963 – NASA's Mercury project. His goals are: – a manned spacecraft to orbit around the Earth. – Investigating the ability of humans to function in space. – Safe transport of human and spaceship.
12th April 1961 – The Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin is the first man in space aboard the Vostok 1. He spends 108 minutes in space and makes an orbit around the earth.
. 5 May, 1961 – Project Mercury astronaut Alan B. Shepard is the first American in space on Freedom 7. He spends 15 minutes in sub-orbital flight.
February 20, 1962 – Project Mercury astronaut John Glenn is the first American orbiting Earth on Friendship 7. He spends four hours and 55 minutes in space and orbits the earth three times.
1962-1966 – NASA's Gemini program. His goals are: – You can subject people and equipment to space travel for up to two weeks. – to meet and dock with orbiting vehicles and to maneuver the docked combination using the propulsion system of the target vehicle. – Perfect methods for entering the atmosphere and landing at a predetermined point on land. – to provide additional information on the effects of weightlessness on crew members and to record the physiological responses of crew members during long flights.
sixteenth June 1963 – The Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova is the first woman in space aboard the Vostok 6 She spends 70 hours in space and orbits the earth 48 times.
1963-1972 – NASA's Apollo program. Its goals are: – to establish technology to fulfill other national interests in outer space – to gain precedence in space for the United States – to carry out a program of scientific study of the Moon – to develop man's ability to work in the lunar environment  March 18, 1965 – The Soviet Alexei Leonov is the first man to walk in space.
. 3 June 1965 – Ed White becomes the first American to walk in space during Gemini 4.
December 24, 1968 – The Apollo 8 astronauts Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and Bill Anders are the first people to orbit the moon.
20th July 1969 – Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin Jr. and Michael Collins are the first humans to land on the Moon. Armstrong and Aldrin are the first to walk on the moon.
April 1971 – Salyut, a manned space laboratory, is launched by the Soviet Union.
1972 – NASA's Space Shuttle Program Formally Begins in 1972 under President Richard Nixon
1973-1974 – NASA's Skylab Program. Three missions are completed, astronauts spend a total of 171 days in space. His goals are: – to prove that humans can live and work in space for extended periods of time – to extend our knowledge of solar astronomy far beyond earthbound observations
12. April 1981 – The Space Shuttle Columbia is the first to go there Space and the first space shuttle orbiting the Earth (STS-1)
18.-24. June 1983 – Sally Ride is the first American woman in space aboard the STS-7 mission.
January 28, 1986 – The Space Shuttle Challenger explodes and kills the seven astronauts aboard, including Christa McAuliffe, who was selected to be the first teacher in space.
Oct. 29, 1998 – A 77-year-old John Glenn becomes the oldest person ever to enter space on board the Space Shuttle Discovery.
28th April 2001 – Dennis Tito becomes the first "space tourist" to pay $ 20 million for the ride on a Russian rocket to the International Space Station.
February 1, 2003 – Columbia collapses on reentry during mission STS-107, killing all seven crew members. It is the second loss of a shuttle in 113 shuttle flights.
October 15, 2003 – Yang Liwei is the first Chinese man in the room aboard Shenzhou 5.
21. July 2011 – The US Space Shuttle Program ends with the landing of the 135th and final Space Shuttle Mission
June 2012 – China plans to launch Shenzhou 9, which carries three Taikonauts / Astronauts to meet with Tiangong-1, a mini-space station, in their first manned space-docking company together. Two crews prepare for the mission, each with a female crew member; Major Liu Wang and Capt. Wang Yaping, both Luftwaffe fighter pilots
16. June 2012 – China launches Shenzhou 9 with a three-member crew, Liu Wang, Jing Haipeng and Liu Yang, from the launching pad of the Jiuquan Center satellite launch in western Gansu Province. Liu Wang is the first female Taikonaut into space
11. June 2013 – The Chinese launch the Shenzhou 10 mission, their fifth and longest manned space mission, with three crew members: Nie Haisheng, Zhang Xiaoguang and Wang Yaping.
29th July 2016 – NASA orders SpaceX for a manned mission to the International Space Station. It is the fourth and final mission of a government-funded program that has contracts with private companies to bring astronauts back from the United States. SpaceX has received two of these orders and Boeing has won the other two. The two companies are expected to launch astronauts within the next one to two years
Sept. 1, 2016 – A SpaceX missile explodes in a test fire on its launch pad at Cape Canaveral. The explosion destroys the rocket and the satellite whose launch was scheduled for September 3, 2016.