قالب وردپرس درنا توس
Home / Science / Spaceflight: Quick facts

Spaceflight: Quick facts




(CNN) – Let's take a look at human space programs in the US and around the world.

Issue: The United States completed its manned space program with the launch of Atlantis on July 8, 2011 and landing on July 21, 2011.

China and Russia are the only other countries with independent space flight capabilities.

India and Iran have both announced to send a manned spacecraft into space.

Chronicle: October 4, 1957 – The Soviet Union launches Sputnik I, the first artificial satellite launching the "Space Race" between the Soviets and the United States.

October 1

, 1958 – The official launch of the National Aerospace Agency (NASA).

25th May 1961 – President John F. Kennedy speaks before the congress: "First, I believe that this nation should commit to achieving the goal of bringing a man to the moon and safely bringing him back to earth before the end of this decade. Earth: None a single space project at this time will be more impressive for humanity or more important for the long-term exploration of space, and no one will be that hard or expensive. "

1958-1963 – NASA's Mercury project. His goals are: – a manned spacecraft to orbit around the Earth. – Investigating the ability of humans to function in space. – to save both people and spacecraft safely.

12th April 1961 – The Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin is the first man in space aboard Vostok 1. He spends 108 minutes in space and makes an orbit around the Earth.

. 5 May 1961 – Project Mercury astronaut Alan B. Shepard is the first American in space on Freedom 7. He spends 15 minutes in suborbital flight.

February 20, 1962 – Project Mercury astronaut John Glenn is the first American orbiting Earth on Friendship 7. He spends four hours and 55 minutes in space and orbits the earth three times.

1962-1966 – NASA's Gemini program. His goals are: – You can subject people and equipment to space travel for up to two weeks. – to meet and dock with orbiting vehicles and to maneuver the docked combination using the propulsion system of the target vehicle. – Perfect methods for entering the atmosphere and landing at a predetermined point on land. – to provide additional information on the effects of weightlessness on crew members and to record the physiological responses of crew members during long flights.

sixteenth June 1963 – The Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Vladimirovna Tereshkova is the first woman in space aboard Vostok 6. She spends 70 hours in space and orbits the earth 48 times.

1963 -1972 – NASA's Apollo program. Its goals are: – to establish technology to fulfill other national interests in outer space – to prioritize space in the United States – to undertake a program of scientific study of the Moon – to develop man's ability to develop in the lunar environment work

18th March 1965 – The Soviet Alexei Leonov is the first man to walk in space.

. 3 June 1965 – Ed White becomes the first American to walk in space during Gemini 4.

December 24, 1968 – Apollo 8 astronauts Frank Borman, Jim Lovell, and Bill Anders are the first people to orbit the moon.

20th July 1969 – Apollo 11 astronauts Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin Jr. and Michael Collins are the first humans to land on the Moon. Armstrong and Aldrin are the first to walk on the moon.

April 1971 – Salyut, a manned space laboratory, is launched by the Soviet Union.

1972 – NASA's space shuttle program begins formally in 1972 under President Richard Nixon.

1973-1974 – NASA's Skylab Program. Three missions are completed, astronauts spend a total of 171 days in space. His goals are: – to prove that humans can live and work in space for a long time – to expand our knowledge of solar astronomy far beyond earthbound observations

12th April 1981 – The Space Shuttle Columbia is the first in space and the first Space Shuttle orbiting the Earth (STS-1).

18th-24th June 1983 – Sally Ride is the first American woman on board the STS-7 mission.

January 28, 1986 – The Space Shuttle Challenger explodes and kills the seven astronauts aboard, including Christa McAuliffe, who was selected to be the first teacher in space.

October 29, 1998 – A 77-year-old John Glenn becomes the oldest person ever to enter space on board the Space Shuttle Discovery.

28th April 2001 – Dennis Tito becomes the first "space tourist" to pay $ 20 million for traveling on a Russian rocket to the International Space Station.

February 1, 2003 – Columbia collapses on reentry during mission STS-107, killing all seven crew members. It is the second loss of a shuttle in 113 shuttle flights.

October 15, 2003 – Yang Liwei is the first Chinese man in the room aboard Shenzhou 5.

21st July 2011 – The US Space Shuttle program ends with the landing of the 135th and final Space Shuttle mission.

June 2012 – China plans to launch the Shenzhou 9 with three Taikonauts / Astronauts to dock with Tiangong-1, a mini-space station, in their first manned space. Two crews prepare for the mission, each with a female crew member; Major Liu Wang and Capt. Wang Yaping, both Air Force fighter pilots.

sixteenth June 2012 – China brings Shenzhou 9 with a three-member crew, Liu Wang, Jing Haipeng and Liu Yang, from the launch pad of the Jiuquan satellite launch center in western Gansu Province. Liu Wang is the first female Taikonaut who flies into space.

. 11 June 2013 – The Chinese launch the Shenzhou 10 mission, their fifth and longest manned space mission, with three crew members: Nie Haisheng, Zhang Xiaoguang and Wang Yaping.

29th July 2016 – NASA orders SpaceX for a manned mission to the International Space Station. It is the fourth and final mission of a government-funded program that has contracts with private companies to bring astronauts back from the United States. SpaceX has received two of these orders and Boeing has won the other two. The two companies are expected to launch astronauts in the next one to two years.

Sept. 1, 2016 – A SpaceX missile explodes in a test fire on its launch pad at Cape Canaveral. The explosion destroys the rocket and the satellite, which should launch on September 3, 2016.

Copyright 2018 by CNN NewSource. All rights reserved. This material may not be published, transmitted, rewritten or redistributed.


Source link