Photo: Nearing, Brian, New York State Parks, Recreation and Heritage Office
Faced with diseases transmitted by ticks, the National Parks will seek to reduce the risks to visitors by increasing pesticide spray cans and pesticide bait stations to limit it the ticks that are carried out on deer, mice and other rodents.
The new program, approved by the State Parks, Recreation and Preservation Bureau, covers more than 350,000 hectares of parkland in more than 200 parks and historical sites. The year attracted 70 million visitors in May, August and October were sprayed.
The use of pesticides against ticks will be "limited to areas of high abundance and tick habitat, for example, forest field fringes near ball fields and use areas and their immediate fringes," according to the 38-page report.
This comes as more and more people throughout the state of Lyme disease and other diseases caused by tick bites. Between 2010 and 2016, there were about 49,000 new cases of Lyme, averaging about 7,000 new cases each year.
"Tick-borne diseases are a major threat to the health and well-being of New Yorkers, and we aggressively take action to stop the spread of this disease," Gov said. Andrew Cuomo this month.
Other bloodborne diseases of ticks, such as anaplasmosis, babesiosis and ehrlichiosis, are also on the rise, from about 500 cases combined in 2010 to about 1,400 in 2016.
Efforts will also include the installation of so-called "4 Poster Stag Stations "feed boxes that use corn to trap whitetail deer. Deer are also host to black-legged ticks that can carry Lyme and other diseases.
On the station, deer brush against rolls treated with permethrin, a pesticide commonly used to control fleas and ticks. This chemical is used to treat clothing to repel ticks.
Such stations would be set up in spring and autumn, which is the peak season for ticks adults and nymphs. A single station could cover the deer population for about 40 acres.
The stations have been tested on Long Island at Robert Moses State Park and Connetquot River State Park.
Smaller feeding devices called "tick tubes" are used in state parks to deliver pesticides on cotton balls to mice that would sprinkle them back into their nests. There it could kill ticks during their larval and nymphal stages.
To be effective, the tubes must be set to 48 per acre, according to the report.
Another type of small feed box would also be used. This uses tick insecticides for the fur of mice and other rodents that come to the bait.
Park officials are "now conducting regional assessments to identify things such as initial destinations, regional budgets, equipment and local parks," Agency spokesman Randy Simmons said on Friday
State health officials use "tick and human surveillance data to help informing where to introduce a tick control program in state parks, "according to a statement from the health department.
The Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Environmental Protection Agency, which manages 118 campsites, is "evaluating," said spokesman Sean Mahar, "currently effective sites to carry out pilot measures to combat ticks".
The State Park's plan also calls for the elimination of invasive bushes, such as the Japanese barberry and multiflorarose, which provide shelter and habitat for deer, mice, and other ticks that feed on mammalian blood.
Ticks prefer leafy debris and tall grass, where they attach themselves to humans and other animals that pass by.
Park officials are mowing grass in heavily used areas, and the plan does not foresee any increase in the area to be mown. Leaves and boulders are cleaned in spring from heavily used areas.
State Parks Commissioner Rose Harvey said park visitors "should also pay special attention to how they can protect themselves outdoors."
Your office recommends that someone who spends time in forest areas:
• Wear long trousers and long-sleeved shirts to protect against ticks from other biting insects
. • Check ticks outdoors for ticks every two to three hours before attaching them
• Perform a whole-body examination several times a day and at the end of the day to ensure that no ticks are present
• Consider the use of repellents As part of this effort, the State Department of Health will "send current and retrospective tick collection and test results to Health Data NY and open the data to the public," a press release from the Office said governor.
Previously, these records were only shared with local health departments and park managers. It will be available at https://healthdata.ny.gov/