Among other things, the rover is tasked with researching, documenting and storing a number of Mars rock samples. That is, it will pick them up, put them into prepared canisters, and then have them dropped off strategically here and there. From there, the future Sample Return Mission will pick you up and bring you home.
NASA collaborates with its European counterpart ESA to realize the Sample Return Mission. The two plan to put the Mars Sample Return Mission into operation between 2020 and 2030. STAGES
The first step in achieving this mission is the launch of the Mars 2020 mission. As its name implies, in the first year of the next decade, the mission is to be replaced by an Atlas V 541
As a twist, the rover will begin collecting samples to be sent to Earth. It was assumed that this rock originated from Mars and is part of the rover's Scanning Habitable Environments with Raman and Luminescence for Organics and Chemicals (SHERLOC). "- instrument becomes.
The second phase of the mission would be the introduction of sample recycling countries a few years later. This will land on Mars near Mission 2020 landing site. The lander is a platform from which a small ESA machine called Sample Fetch Rover would look for the receivers left behind by the Rover 2020.
The collected receivers would be transported back to the lander platform and loaded into a single large canister. This basketball sized canister sits in the Mars Ascent Vehicle (MAV), the machine that will take the samples from Mars.
As soon as the MAV arrived in orbit above Mars, he would meet with the ESA Earth Return Orbiter, catch it and then hit Earth.
A few months later, once in Earth orbit and before being moved into an earth capsule, the container is sealed in a bioprotection system to prevent the soil from being contaminated with unsterilized material.
Once the transfer between the Earth Orbiter and the Earth Entry Capsule is complete, the spacecraft will return to Earth. WHY
The need to bring back Mars samples has arisen as we become increasingly curious about our neighboring planet. Since a manned mission to Mars to study the planet on the ground is still a long way off, returning stones is the sensible way to proceed.
Remote study of samples on Mars is a limited undertaking, as the instruments that can be built into the machines sent to Mars are not everything. At the moment, the planet Earth has three rovers on Mars: Opportunity, his sibling Spirit, both part of the same mission, started in 2003, and Curiosity, launched in 2011. After losing contact with Spirit in 2010 are just opportunity and Curiosity Active
On Earth, the study of Mars samples would allow the exchange of resources, according to the ESA, and the tests in the best laboratories in the world. Of course, this would increase the chances for scientists to find things that have never been done before about Mars.
ESA plans to provide information on the mission in 2019 and to request ministerial approval of the missions.