The late Professor Stephen Hawking revealed his answers to 10 "big questions," which he often put in a new book published six months after his death.
In & # 39; Short answers to the big questions & # 39; The British science hero admitted he thought "there is no god" and that humans would eventually live in outer space.
Professor Stephen Hawking passed away in March of this year following a lifelong battle against motor neurone disease.
A recognized theoretical physicist, cosmologist and author, Hawking was one of Britain's best minds.
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He has now revealed his thoughts on some of the most difficult issues in contemporary science, including the existence of God, time travel and the future of artificial intelligence
You can read his answers to 1
1. Space Colonization
"I expect that within the next hundred years, we can travel anywhere in the solar system except perhaps the outer planets," explained Professor Hawking.
The late Professor described how people "stand on the verge of a new era" and said that the colonization of other planets is no longer science fiction.
"I am optimistic that we will ultimately create viable habitats for the human race on other planets," he wrote.
"We will transcend earth and learn to exist in outer space."
2. The Future of AI
Hawking believes that computers "will overtake people in intelligence sometime in the next 100 years".
"We could face an intelligence explosion that ultimately leads to machines whose intelligence" He outstrips ours by more than our snails, "he said.
He also warned of the risks:" If that happens, we must Make sure the computers have goals that match ours.
"It is tempting to dismiss the notion of highly intelligent machines as mere science-fiction, but this would be a mistake – and possibly our worst mistake ever."
3. Genetic engineering
Hawking Not only is AI scared – but also the risks of genetic engineering, saying it could "destroy all humanity".
"A nuclear war is still the most immediate danger, but there are others, like the release of a genetically modified virus," he explained.
He continued, "Laws are likely to be taken against genetic engineering in humans, but some people will not be able to resist the temptation to improve human characteristics such as memory, disease resistance and lifetime."
"Once such superman emerges, there will be great political problems for unimproved people who can not compete.
4. The Theory of Everything
Hawking has been very much in demand for developing a "theory of everything" that would explain all things.
Will it ever happen? wrote: "What are the prospects that we will discover this complete theory in the next millennium?
"I would say they were very good, but then I'm an optimist."
"In 1980, I said I thought there was a 50-50 chance that we would have a complete unification over the next 20 years To discover theory.
"We have made remarkable progress since then, but the last theory seems to be about equidistant."
Stephen Hawking also had great misgivings about the Brexit, his book unveiled.
"We are also in danger of becoming culturally isolated and isolated, and ever further away from progress
" Unfortunately, we can not go back in time.
"With Brexit and Trump now raising new powers in terms of immigration and educational development, we are witnessing a worldwide revolt against experts, including scientists."
He added, "What can we do to keep the Fu I come to my teacher, Mr. Tahta, and the foundation for the future of education must lie in schools and inspiring teachers. "
6. The Future of Scientific Discovery
Similarly, Hawking is very concerned about the "low esteem" that scientists are working in. "We live in a society that is increasingly governed by science and technology, but fewer and fewer young people want to go to science," wrote Hawking the late professor.
19659003] "A new and ambitious space program would inspire the young and encourage them to enter a wide range of sciences, not just astrophysics and space exploration."
He continued, "I advocate that all young people are familiar with and in the vicinity of scientific subjects, whatever they intend to do."
"You must be scientifically educated and inspired to evolve in science and technology to learn more. "
7. Climate change
Like most scientists, Stephen Hawking warns of the risks of climate change.
In his book he explains that we may just be too late to reverse the problems of climate change.
"Global warming is caused by all of us. We want cars, travel and a better standard of living.
"The problem is that it's too late for people to realize what's happening, and while we're on the verge of a second nuclear age and a period of unprecedented climate change, scientists have a special responsibility to educate the public and leaders to discuss the dangers of humanity.
"As scientists, we understand the dangers of nuclear weapons and their devastating effects, and we learn how human activities and technologies affect climate systems that can forever change life on Earth. "
8. The Moon Landing
There is a lot of scruples about the legendary moon landing of the US in 1969, but Hawking is not convinced of conspiracies – and said this was a crucial moment for humanity.
"On July 20, 1969, Buzz Aldrin and Neil Armstrong landed on the lunar surface and changed the future of humanity.
"I was twenty-seven at the time, a Cambridge researcher, and I missed it, I was at a Singularity meeting in Liverpool, and I heard a lecture by René Thom on catastrophe theory when the landing took place.
"There was no catch-up TV at the time, and we did not have a TV, but my two-year-old son described it to me.
9th Time Travel
Stephen Hawking said that time travel is an important issue, but "you have to be careful not to call it a crank."
He said he was Concerned about applying for research grants for time travel The research would not be successful.
"No authority could afford to spend public money as a way out of the time travel," Hawking wrote.
"Instead, you have to use terms like closed time curves Code for time travel.
"But it's a very serious question, since General Relativity can allow time travel, does it allow it in our universe?"
Hawking hosted a famous time-travel party at Cambridge College in 2009.
To ensure that only time travelers came, he sent invitations to the party – but unfortunately no one came
The late professor was a valued scholar and spent so much time to reflect on the world's biggest problems
And when it comes to religion, it's no surprise that Professor Hawking had many opinions.
"I have faith, we are free to believe what we want, and in my view it is the simplest explanation that there is no God."
"No one created the universe and no one guides our destiny.
"This leads me to a profound realization: there is probably no heaven and no life afterwards.
" I believe that belief in life after death is wishful thinking. There is no reliable evidence and it contradicts everything we know in science] "I think when we die we return to dust, but there is a purpose in which we live, in our influence and in ours Genes that we pass on to our children.
"We have this one life to appreciate the great design of the universe, and I am extremely grateful for that.
This story originally appeared on the Sun.