Stonehenge has long confused researchers and viewers. Now a new study shows that one of the greatest secrets of the ancient monument has been solved – where the huge rocks came from.
The study published in the archaeological journal Ancient reveals that the quarry from which the stones originated is about 180 miles away, in Pembrokeshire, west of Wales.
"Every second Neolithic monument in Europe was built from megaliths no more than 10 miles away," UCL professor of archeology Mike Parker Pearson said in a statement.
"We now want to find out what was so special about the Preseli hills 5000 years ago and if there were important stone circles here that were built before the bluestones were relocated to Stonehenge."
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Pearson added, "What is really exciting about these discoveries is that they are taking us one step closer to solving Stonehenge's biggest puzzle – why were his stones So far away. " 19659005] Although the study does not answer why the stones were so far away, the researchers believe that it is because the bluestone digests are made up of natural, vertical columns that make them easier to move.
"Bluestone columns could be lowered onto this platform, which served as a cargo bay to lower them on wooden carriages before being towed away," said Professor Colin Richards at the University of the Highlands The new study is in line with other recent publications agree that the stones around 3.000 BC. were dismantled when researchers found charcoal from this period.
Archaeologists now believe that the megalithic structure was initially a circle of unprocessed bluestone pillars. About 500 years later sandstone blocks were added.
"Some people believe the bluestones were brought south to Milford Haven and placed on rafts or between boats between the boats and then rolled along the Bristol Channel and along the Bristol Avon towards Paddle Salisbury Plain", said Kate Welham, a professor at Bournemouth University. "But these quarries are on the north side of the Preseli hills, so the megaliths could have gone all the way to Salisbury Plain."
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The origins of Stonehenge have been much discussed lately. In August 2018, a study found that 10 of the prehistoric monuments buried remnants of cremation were from the west of the UK, some from southwest Wales, unlike Wiltshire, where the monument was erected.
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