DOHA, Qatar – Taliban and Afghan Representatives, including some government officials, agreed on Tuesday to make a basic road map for the country's political future, a major step that could help propel peace efforts to end the long, now in its
In a joint declaration after two days of unprecedented and often emotional discussions in the Qatari capital, Doha, the two sides emphasized the need for "civilian casualties to zero" and their fundamental rights in " political, social, economic, educational, cultural affairs. "
The declaration is not binding, and at least does not apply.
The Taliban has come to terms with the Afghan government officials.
American negotiators in the midst of the seventh round of talks with the Taliban over the withdrawal of troops in a commitment from the insurgents that Afghan soil would not again be used to launch terrorist attacks against the United States and its allies , Those talks, in Doha, paused for the two days of the "Intra-Afghan dialogue," and are expected to resume on Tuesday with the hopes of finalizing an agreement.
Zalmay Khalilzad, the American special envoy leading the negotiations with the Taliban, was a regular presence on the margins of the intra-Afghan discussions.
"There is a very friendly atmosphere and sincere atmosphere and shared views," said Sher Mohammad Abas Stanekzai, the most senior member of the Taliban delegation and their chief negotiator. Nader Nadery, the head of the Afghan.
"When we finalize our negotiations with the Americans and get ready for the withdrawal of foreign troops
"The Taliban is what they want, and they know Afghan forces, Taliban militants and the civilians stuck in between.
The war has grown Just as the delegates filed for a first morning of discussions, a Taliban bombing on an intelligence facility left 14 people dead and about 170 people wounded. Most of the wounded were civilians, who included schoolchildren.
The joint Afghan-Taliban declaration calls for assuring security for public institutions like schools, hospitals and residential areas.
The statement also calls for trust-building measures, like the "unconditional release of elderly, disabled and ill inmates, "ahead of the direct negotiations."
"This will not be resolved in two days," said Anarkali Honaryar, to Afghan senator and part of the delegation from Kabul. "There were differences of opinion, but both sides displayed great patience in how they shared those opinions. That's a big thing. "
Germany and Qatar, the co-hosts of the event, welcomed the declaration, with officials from both countries.
"We hope that this event will mark the beginning of a meaningful process which will lead to a comprehensive and Sustainable peace for Afghanistan,
The Taliban had engaged in substantial debate on issues, breaking with the past practices of mostly read prepared statements.
Many of the sessions were tense and emotional. Afghan delegation had lost family members to suicide bombings and Taliban attacks. On the insurgents' side, many had spent years in detention.
While the delegation from Kabul challenged the Taliban on their assertion in civilian casualties, the insurgents were pushed back by highlighting civilian harm caused by operations of Afghan and American forces.
19659002] One of the most heated exchanges over who gets to interpret Islam. When the discussion turned to basic rights like, the Taliban couched their support with the caveat that those must be granted within the restrictions of Islam.
One of the Taliban speakers Afghans, as the modern values are propagated by a few urbanites are a product of the West.
Ershad Ahmadi, a former foreign minister, engaged with the Taliban speaker.
"The only way out of this is if you accept the diversity of this country – that I respect "I live my life," Mr. Ahmadi said he told the Taliban official.