A new study on tachographs in Los Angeles suggests that apps like Uber and Lyft could dramatically improve access to transportation for minority groups and low-income neighborhoods. The impact of this improvement may be oversized as these populations have been served so poorly by traditional taxis and are less likely to own private vehicles. Ride-hailing services can then dramatically increase their overall mobility, especially in auto-centric cities like Los Angeles.
The new research, conducted by UCLA Ph.D. CityLab's Anne E. Brown used data from Lyft to find out that the company's drivers were responsible for 99.8% of Los Angeles and that people in low-income areas per capita travel more than those in middle and high-income areas , The study also found that lower vehicle ownership, which correlates with lower income and minority status, also correlated with increased Lyft usage.
This suggests that a situational convenience for higher earning drivers is a lifeline for those without cars. Research has shown time and again that public transport in American cities does not allow poorer residents access to jobs that are both deprived and hampering the city's economy. While travel services for passengers are usually more expensive than public transport, they are more convenient and reliable than most bus services and certainly better than nothing.
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Discrimination against poor and minorities in the pre-Uber era had at least three elements. Studies and surveys in several major cities have shown time and again that conventional taxis, especially for black passengers, stop less when they are celebrated on the street. Taxis are also getting harder to find in neighborhoods populated by poorer residents, including on the outskirts of New York.
The new study provides a counterpoint to previous findings that showed that at least some discrimination remained an app. For example, a 201
But Brown's study brings this finding into a broader perspective. In addition to studying Lyft data, Brown's team also conducted a field study on Lyft, Uber and taxi rides. They confirmed earlier findings on the discrimination of taxi drivers against black drivers, who had to wait up to 15 minutes longer than white drivers in this study. While the differences between white and black drivers persisted on Uber and Lyft, the additional waiting time for black passengers was no more than 2 minutes. The team found no significant difference in waiting times between white, Asian and Hispanic drivers using the app for ride-tailing.
Although Brown's results are limited to Los Angeles, they are likely to be the ongoing battles between regatta riders and cities. These debates are largely driven by uncertainty about the complexities of lightly regulated hail services in security, transport and established industries, rather than considerations of extended access to mobility.
In New York, a Wave of Taxi Car Suicide Has Highlighted the Ride The devastating impact of this disaster on this industry across the country suggests that the taxi industry itself has caused damage that Uber and Lyft might mitigate. London may also take notice – the city has provisionally renewed Uber's operating license this week, but will review it in just over a year. As in Los Angeles, many of London's poorest residents are increasingly focusing on remote areas that can be better served by road services than traditional taxis.