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Study: High fiber diets and lots of grains can reduce the risk of chronic diseases living



  Pulses like lenses are high in fiber. - AFP pic
Legumes like lentils are high in fiber. – AFP pic

NEW YORK, January 12 – A study commissioned by the World Health Organization has found that dietary fiber and whole grain intake can reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as coronary heart disease, stroke, and type 2 Diabetes and colon cancer.

The new meta-analysis was conducted by researchers from the University of Otago (New Zealand) and the University of Dundee (Scotland) and examined 1

85 observational studies using data that relate to 135 million person-years taking into account the number of individuals in the study and the time each person spends in the study – and 58 clinical trials involving 4,635 healthy adult participants.

Researchers focused on the effects of fiber and whole grains on the risk of premature deaths and deaths in coronary heart disease, cardiovascular disease and stroke, as well as type 2 diabetes, colorectal cancer and cancers related to obesity: bre branch, endometrium, oesophageal and prostate cancer.

The results published in The Lancet suggest that those who consumed the highest amount of fiber with a daily intake of between 25 g and 29 g had one of the lowest fiber Overall mortality and cardiovascular mortality are reduced by 15 to 30 percent.

In addition, the consumption of fiber-rich foods also reduced the rate of coronary heart disease, stroke, type 2 diabetes and colorectal cancer by 16 to 24 percent.

In addition, there appeared to be a dose-response relationship suggesting that a higher intake of fiber over 25 g to 29 g per day may bring even greater benefits to protect against cardiovascular disease, type -2-diabetes and colon and breast cancer.

Increasing fiber intake was also associated with lower body weight and cholesterol than with lower intake.

Higher intake of whole grains was also associated with w. Reducing the risk of developing chronic diseases by 13 to 33 percent reduced total deaths and rates of coronary heart disease, type 2 diabetes and colon cancer per 15 g per day consumed whole grain by 2 to 19 percent.

Whole grains were also associated with a reduction in body weight, with the researchers explaining that whole grains have high fiber content, which could explain their beneficial effects.

However, the study found only limited support in dieting. Low glycemic index and low glycemic load provided protection against type 2 diabetes and stroke. They explained that foods with a low glycemic index or a low glycemic load could also contain sugars, saturated fats and sodium, which could make the health benefits of this type of diet less clear.

Worldwide, most people consume less than 20g of fiber per day. Rich sources of fiber are whole grains, legumes, vegetables and fruits. – AFP Relax News


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