An amazing mosaic of cloud-free images taken by the Sentinel 3A satellite has revealed the entire continent of Europe and more in incredible detail.
The view stretches from Iceland in the northwest to Scandinavia and Russia in the northeast, and from the northern peaks of Norway and Finland to the south like Algeria, Libya and Egypt.
While the satellite's marine and landscape instrument depicts the green of summer in many parts of Europe, parts of Spain, Italy, and Turkey also show drier regions, especially in the south.
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A breathtaking mosaic of cloudless images taken by the Copernicus Sentinel-3A satellite has the entire continent of Europe and more, revealed in incredible detail. The view extends from Iceland in the northwest through Scandinavia and Russia in the northeast to the northern peaks of Norway and Finland as far as Algeria, Libya and Egypt.
The picture consists of scenes taken between March 1 and March 2 and on 30 July 2017 by the sixth satellite of the European Space Agency's (ESA) Copernicus program
It aims to predict weather phenomena such as El Nino and track the progress of global warming.
The second Sentinel 3 and the seventh satellite of the Copernicus project, Sentinel 3B, left Russia on Wednesday.
Just as ESA's Gaia satellites are thousands of light-years away to understand the universe, the Sentinel-3 mission observes our home planet to understand major environmental changes.
Sentinel 3 – now consisting of two identical satellites orbiting 506 miles (815 km) above Earth on opposite sides of the planet – carries a range of instruments to measure our oceans, land and ice.
It is these instruments that were used to produce the map in such detail, from the snow-covered north to the drier regions of North Africa and the Middle East to the south.
Overland, Sentinel 3 is used to record the use of land to monitor vegetation and forest fires and to measure the height of rivers and lakes.
Through oceans, it also measures the temperature, color and height of the sea surface as the thickness of sea ice.
While the satellite's sea and land color instrument is used in many parts of Europe Green of the summer shows, the drought this summer also brings parts of Spain, Italy and Turkey to the south
WHAT IS THE SATELLITE OF THE EUROPEAN ROOM AGENCY AND WHAT MAKES IT?
Sentinel 3 is primarily a marine research mission, developed by the European Space Agency (ESA) under the Copernicus program. However, it is also able to provide data on the atmosphere and land masses.
Sentinel 3A was launched on February 16, 2016, with a twin, Sentinel 3B, arriving in the seventh of Esas Sentinel Earth Observation satellites on April 25.
The two satellites orbit 506 miles (815 km) above Earth, on opposite sides of the planet
The Copernicus program, worth billions, is expected to predict weather phenomena such as El Nino and track the progress of global warming.
Sentinel 3 (shown in video footage) is primarily a marine research mission developed by the European Space Agency as part of its Copernicus program. However, it is also able to provide data on the atmosphere and land masses
. Their data could also help shipping companies to create more efficient routes and could be used to monitor forest fires, water pollution and oil spills.
The Copernicus project is described by ESA as the most ambitious Earth observation program to date. The European Union and ESA committed more than € 8 billion (€ 7.12 billion) by 2020.
The launch of the Copernicus project became particularly urgent after Europe lost contact with its Earth observation satellite Envisat in 2012 after 10 years.
Sentinel-3 uses multiple gauges to achieve its goals. These are: Sea and Land Surface Temperature Radiometer (SLSTR), Ocean and Land Color Instrument (OLCI), SAR Altimeter (SRAL), Doppler Orbitography and Radio Positioning Satellite Integration (DORIS), and a Microwave Radiometer (MWR).
This is not the first time that the beautiful sights of cloudless photos have hit the headlines.
On Monday, a rare cloud-free photograph of the Scottish Highlands was taken by an astronaut aboard the International Space Station. The image taken on a Nikon D5 digital camera in February shows the stunning Scottish landscape in all its wild beauty ,
An astronaut has taken a rare cloud-free photograph of the Scottish Highlands from the International Space Station. Captured on a Nikon D5 digital camera in February, the picture captures the breathtaking Scottish landscape in all its wild beauty
The rare photo shows the snow-capped mountains north of Glen Mor, a 100-kilometer-long Inverness valley to Fort William on the Top of Loch Linnhe.
According to NASA, cloudy skies are "common to the region and usually prevent landscape photography from space, especially during the winter months".
Glen Mor, also known as the Great Valley or Great Glen, is said to house some of Europe's oldest rocks.
The fault zone, which is surrounded by many elongated lakes – one of which is Loch Ness, famous for the illusory Loch Ness monster.
The landscape was shaped by geological forces a few hundred million years ago.
The rocky landscape of the Scottish Highlands shows signs of transformations by flowing glaciers during the last Ice Age – about 2.5 million years ago.
The photo shows the snowcapped mountains north of Glen Mor, a 62-mile valley that leads from Inverness to Fort William at the head of Loch Linnhe. The landscape was shaped by geological forces hundreds of millions of years ago
In 2016, US astronaut Jeff Williams managed to take a picture of Scotland without clouds. "We had a great view of Scotland today … very rarely, not to be covered with clouds," he tweeted
In the early 2000s, locals built a path through the area – the Great Glen Way – for hikers and Cyclist] The unbelievable cloud-free image was cropped and improved to improve the contrast. Lens artifacts have also been removed.
In 2016, US astronaut Jeff Williams managed to make an equally rare photograph of Scotland without clouds.
& # 39; We had a great view of Scotland today … very rarely, not to be covered in clouds, "he tweeted.
At the end of last year, NASA released another image of the Scottish Highlands, covered in snow and with much cloud cover, which astronauts are used to seeing.
The image was taken by NASA's Terra Satellite Earth in 2017 Observation system the size of a minibus
For almost 18 years, the Terra satellite and its five sensors have collected data on the Earth and its complex systems.
WHAT IS THE INTERNATIONAL ROOM STATION?
The International Space Station (ISS) is a $ 100 billion (£ 80 billion) scientific and technical laboratory orbiting 250 miles (400 km) above the Earth
since November 2000, permanently encircling rotating crews of astronauts and cosmonauts occupied.
The space station currently houses two Russians, three Americans and one Japanese.
Investigations carried out onboard the ISS often require one or more of the unusual low-earth orbit conditions, such as: As gravity or oxygen.
NASA Spends About $ 3 Billion a Year on the Space Station Program, an altitude that is supported by the Trump government and the congress.
A US House The People's Representatives Committee, which oversees Nasa, has begun to consider whether to extend the program beyond 2024.
Alternatively, the money could be used to accelerate planned human space initiatives on the Moon and Mars.